Fanning and Darmody Tithe Payers and Defaulters 1815-1837, Co Tipperary Ireland

Tithes (meaning a tenth) were levies collected in support of a church, which could be a single church or all churches of one faith. In Ireland from the 1500s to the 1800s, tithes were taxes on the agricultural system to support the Church of Ireland. Tithes made everyone cross, for many reasons. Those who were Catholic or Presbyterian resented the contribution to the established church. Land proprietors resented the impact of tithes on rents.

Tithes existed in Ireland as long ago as the 1100s, giving support to monasteries. The system that came to be resented so much was formalized in law in 1541. In 1736 legislation exempted pasture from the calculation so the burden fell upon farmers who cultivated the soil. Not all tithes went to the Church of Ireland; in 1832 a little over 15% went to “lay” (non-religious) tithe owners who acquired the right to collect tithes at the dissolution of the monasteries.

By the early 1800s resentment had become very serious. Tithes had been part of the cause of rural unrest in the late 1700s; in the 1830s, the disruptions came to be called the Tithe War. The campaign against tithes began in County Kilkenny and spread quickly to other counties. By 1833, more than half the tithes due in 22 counties had not been paid. Many landowners supported non-payment because legislation of 1823 restored pastureland to the calculation. The resistance became violent, and some deaths occurred among protestors and police.

Faced with an impossible situation, the authorities stopped trying to enforce payment and clergymen without income could apply for relief. In 1838 the tithe ceased to be paid by occupiers and landlords were levied a “rent charge.” The problem completely disappeared at the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland (1869).

The Tithe Composition Act, passed in 1823, set out the process by which the tithe was converted to a monetary payment due twice a year. Property value was assessed, meetings were held in parishes, and records made of all those who were to make the payments. These are the Tithe Applotment Books.

At the time of the Tithe War any clergyman applying for relief was required to report on the situation in his parish including the names of all those who had failed to pay–the tithe defaulters. Lists of roughly 30,000 defaulters survive. ” From Ancestry.com article by Sherry Irvine

Fanning, Fannin & Darmody Entries in the Co Tipperary Tithe Applotment Books : A-R-P = Acres, Rods & Perches (Irish) H, O, L, G = House, Office, Land, Garden.

Ballymurreen Civil Parish 1827, Thurles Poor Law Union:  Joseph Fanning, Parkstown .

Bruis Civil Parish 1832: Robert Fanning of Mount Bruis Townland.

Cordangan Civil Parish 1835: John Fannin of Lacken.

Fertiana Civil Parish 1825:  Richard Fannin, Turtulla ,  Widow Fannin, Turtulla .

Civil Parish of Inch  William Fannin, my ancestor who is buried in Ballycahill Cemetery.

Tithe Applotment Book Lissaroon Wm Fannin
Tithe Applotment Book entry for Lissaroon in Inch Parish

Civil Parish of Inch Widow Burke alias Fannin

Parish of Kilfithmone – 1823-1824 Philip Darmody,  Ballinlonty, Land 1 acre1 perch; Catherine Darmody, Land 1 acre; Catherine Darmody, House, Office, Land 10 acres, 2 perches; Philip Darmody,  House, Office, Land {21/3/27} 10 acres, 2 perches.

1826-Darby? Darmody Fishmoyne, Wm Darmody Ballinlonty, Wm Darmody Ballinlonty.

1834-1837 Daniel Darmody Kilfithmone, William Darmody Kilfithmone.

Civil Parish of Kilmurry 1834: Patrick Fanning Ballinamona Townland.

Parish of Knockgraffon 1826 : Patrick (Mary) Fanning of Loughkent, William Fanning of Donegal.

Parish of Loughmore West April 1827: Michael Darmody Ballybrista,  Denis Darmody Killahara,  Philip Darmody Killahara, Edward Fanning Carraig-Loughmore,  John Fanning Clondoty.

Loughmore East of River Suir: Edw. Darmody Graiguefrehane, Nicholas Fanning Graiguefrehane,  Michael Fanning Killenleigh.

Parish of Loughmore East otherwise Callabegs Earl of Carrick April 1825: John Fanen Gurthreagh, Patrick Fanen Skeogh, Patrick. Fanen Skeogh.

Civil Parish of Mora 1824: John Fanning of Ballanattin Upper.

Parish of Moyaliff 1837 : John Fanning, Rossmult.

Moycarky Civil Parish 1829:  Joseph Fannin, Drumgower, Lawrence Fannin, Graigue, William Fannin, Graigue,  William Fannin Kilnoe.

Civil Parish of Moyne 1828: James Fanning of Moyne Temple, James Fanning of Lisdonolly.

Civil Parish of Nenagh 1828: Ned Fanning of Spout Road.

Tithe Applotments Roscrea Civil Parish, no date given:Ml Darmody Killavilla, Ml Darmody  Killavilla, Ml Darmody Benaghmore District, Pierce Darmody, Pierce Darmody Benaghmore District , Pierce Darmody Carrick ,  Pierce Darmody Killavilla, Edwd Fanning Big Matt House District,  Patt Fanning Ballychary, Patt Fanning Streamstown.

Parish of Templeree c 1823: John Fanin Gurtadanagan

Civil Parish of Templtouhy 1815-1821: Richard Fanning of Lisdaleen

Tithe Applotment Entries 1833, Thurles Civil Parish: Casontown ? Edward Fanning, Brittas Road or North West Suburb, James Fanning Casontown, John Fanning Knockroe, John Fanning Tooreen, Michael Fanning Castle Hounie?, Michael Fanning Commons, Patk Fanning Bawntameena, Pat Fanning?, Bawntameena, Pat Fanning?

Parish of Upperchurch c 1829/30: Jeremiah Darmody Moher.

Tithe Defaulters

Civil Parish of Inch: Edmond Fannin, farmer, Townland of Buckley Islands, 1831

Widow Burke alias Fannin, farmer, Inch, 1831

Edmond Callanan & John Cullinan, Upper Dovea.

Townland of Lissaroon: John Cormac,  Patrick Banan, William Purcell, William Carroll, Patrick Ryan, William Fannin, farmer, Thomas Cormac, Edmond Purcell, John Purcell, William Purcell, Walter Purcel.

Civil Parish of Kilfithmone: Daniel Darmody 1831  Fishmoyne, William Darmody Ballinlonty 1831.

Civil Parish of Kilmurry1831, Patrick Fanning, farmer, Ballynamona .

Civil Parish of Thurles 1831: Michael Fanning, farmer, Thurles; Patrick Fanning, farmer, Thurles; Patrick Fanning, farmer, Seskin; John Fanning, farmer, Seskin; Michael Fanning, farmer, Leighmore (Loughmore?); Oliver Fanning, farmer, Race Course; Michael Fanning, farmer, Toureen.

Civil Parish of Moycarkey 1831: William Fannin farmer, Kilno; Joseph Fannin, farmer, Drumgour; William Fannin, farmer, Grague.

These  records came from The IrelandGenWeb Project and ancestry.com.