The Impact of Cromwell on Irish Fanning Fortunes

Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658
Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658

“In March 1649, Parliament commissioned Oliver Cromwell to lead an army of invasion into Ireland. Defeat of the Irish at the battle of Rathmines enabled Cromwell to land unopposed at Dublin in 1649. Cromwell, a Puritan, “believed he was an instrument of divine retribution for (alleged) atrocities committed by Catholics against Protestants in 1641 and he accordingly gave orders to deny mercy to Catholics.” His campaign was savage. Cromwell left Ireland in May 1650. The subjugation of Ireland was completed in May 1652.

Parliament was now faced with settling its enormous debts resulting from the war in Ireland. The adventurers or investors had been offered two and a half million acres of Irish land which were to be confiscated after the rebellion was put down. The lands of the defeated Irish and Old English Catholics were declared confiscated and preparations begun for its distribution to the various people to whom the government was indebted.

In order to facilitate this redistribution a survey of the land was undertaken. The act for settling Ireland was passed by the English parliament in August 1652. While the land was being surveyed the government was deciding who should forfeit land. Degrees of guilt were established and penalties defined. The result was that owners of Irish land, whether they were Catholic, protestant or Old English were to suffer. Some were dispossessed totally; others forfeited one fifth, one third, two thirds or three quarters of their land depending on whether their part in the rebellion was a major or minor one. They were to be recompensed from forfeited land west of the Shannon by an area to the proportion they were entitles to retain.

44,210 names were recorded on certificates of transplantation by May 1, 1654. A new Ireland emerged after the Cromwellian Plantation.

The following records were taken from “The Irish Gentry When Cromwell Came to Ireland” by John O’Hart 1887. Online at Internet Archives American Libraries. :

Persons Transplanted In Ireland from Co Limerick: Frances, Madalen, Martin and Mary Fanninge.

From Co Tipperary: Nicholas Ffanninge of Clonegall, Edmond Ffanninge of Gortfy and Wm. Ffanninge of Ffarrenroe.

Connaught Certificates-Transplanters 1653-1654: Inrolments of the Certificates of the Commissioners appointed for hearing and determining the claims of Transplanted Persons in the Province of Connaught and the County of Clare: Edward Fitz-Francis Fanning, Michael Fanning, Thomas Fitz-Clement Fanning, Thomas Fitz-Patrick Fanning, Nicholas Fanning, Alderman, William Fanning.

Book of Survey and Distribution: Nicholas Fanning and John McRory (proprietors in 1641) of  lands denominated Lower Englandstown and Upper Englandstown(Co Limerick). These lands were forfeited and conveyed to Brook Bridges.

James Ffaning had lands confiscated in the Barony of Knocktopher, Co Kilkenny. Names of persons in the Grants, under the Acts of Settlement: Jeffrey and William Fanning.

The Power Family Pedigree has Jeffry Fanning of Fanningstown, Co Tipperary marrying Gyles, daughter of Thomas Power (who died 1637) and Margaret Butler. In the reign of Charles 11 (1860-) Geoffry Fanning of Ballingarry forfeited lands.

Land Distribution before and After Cromwell

The above map is from The Ireland Story- Irish History, Maps of Ireland

The Down Survey

The Down Survey maps completed between 1656 and 1658, are now online free at http://downsurvey.tcd.ie/.

These maps were completed after the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland to facilitate the transfer of Irish Catholic land to English Protestant owners. Land being given to soldiers and those who helped finance the war in Ireland.

“A new Ireland emerged after the Cromwellian Plantation. Land ownership and political authority passed from the older inhabitants to the new colonists, from Irish and Old English Catholics to a landed ascendancy of English Protestants who were to control the life of Ireland until the twentieth century” This quote is from an excellent article by Catherine Donovan and is on the Clare County Library site.

I have been able to trace my Fanning ancestors to Lissaroon just north of Thurles in Co Tipperary north. They are said to have arrived there in 1741. My earliest found ancestor was William Fanning born c 1731 and died 1801. I don’t know where they came from but it would have been perhaps Co Limerick or Ballingarry in Co Tipperary. They seemed to be fairly well off by the size of the house and interior decorations and also by the fact that the land at Lissaroon was prime agricultural land.

After Cromwell’s conquest of Ireland and the resulting redistribution of land ownership the Fannings in Ireland suffered a reversal of fortune. Prior to this time they had been wealthy and fairly powerful land owners.

In 1660 Charles II was restored to the English throne.  The majority of the Irish did not however get their lands back. Irish who could prove they were innocent of any involvement in the Irish rebellion against English rule could have their lands back but the courts were abolished before the Irish could have their claims heard! A small number, mostly Old English, succeeded in being restores to their former lands.

Those whose land was forfeited were to be given land in Connaught hence the saying “To Hell or Connaught”. Some of the Fannings were meant to be transplanted but whether they did leave or not is not confirmed. The whole transplantation process was a bureaucratic nightmare and took so long that by the time of the Restoration of Charles II many people had not moved.

This Down Survey shows that throughout Ireland nearly all Fanning land holdings were lost and transferred to English Protestant owners with the notable exception of Jeffrey Fanning who was or became Protestant. The Book of Survey and Distribution notes that a Geoffrey Fanning of Ballingarry forfeited his lands under King Charles the second.

The Down Survey also shows that the landowning Fanning family members  lived in Ballingarry in Co Tipperary, Co Limerick and some in Co Clare and a few in Co Galway and Co Kilkenny. They do not show up in other counties at this time.

Co Tipperary:

Townland of LISSAROON
Map of theTownland of Lissaroon in Down Survey 1656-1658
Map of the Townland of Lissaroon in Down Survey 1656-1658

 Name: Lisroane

1641 Owner(s): John, Henry St (Protestant)Teige, Teig (Catholic);Edmund, Edmun (Catholic)Purcell of Loghmore, Theo (Catholic);Dermott, Dermot (Catholic)Denogh, Denog (Catholic)Fogerty, Conner (Catholic)

1670 Owner(s): Rogers, Richard (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Elliogurty Parish: Inchyfogurty Profitable land: 95 plantation acres Forfeited: 95 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 13 English: 13

There were no Fannings listed in Lissaroon at the time of the Down Survey.

Townland of CURRAHEENDUFF

Down Survey Name: Ballingarry

1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic)1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of COALBROOK

Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of CLASHDUFF Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of EARLSHILL Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of KNOCKALONGA Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of GARRANACOOL Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of GORTNASMUTTAUN Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 5 English: 3 Irish: 2

Townland of FARRANRORY UPPER Down Survey Name: Ffarrenrowry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Ingoldsby, Sir George (Protestant)Anglesey, Earl of (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Profitable land: 1067 plantation acres Forfeited: 1067 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 43 English: 34 Irish: 9

Townland of FARRANRORY LOWER Down Survey Name: Ffarrenrowry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Ingoldsby, Sir George (Protestant)Anglesey, Earl of (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry

Townland of GORTNASCULLOGE Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of KYLEBALLYGALVAN Down Survey Name: Killmakenoge 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Minchin, Charles (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Profitable land: 168 plantation acres Forfeited: 168 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 11 English: 11

Townland of BALLINGARRY LOWER Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Profitable land: 1903 plantation acres Forfeited: 1903 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 7 English: 7

Townland of SPRINGFIELD (ED Ballyphilip) Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of KYLEBALLYGALVAN Down Survey Name: Killmakenoge 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Minchin, Charles (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Profitable land: 168 plantation acres Forfeited: 168 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 11 English: 11

Townland of ARDRAGH Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of JESSFIELD Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of TINOCK Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of BALLINGARRY UPPER Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 53 English: 48 Irish: 5 Titulado: Jeffrey Fanning, William Fanning

Townland of GLENGALL Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 12 English: 10 Irish: 2

Townland of BLACKCOMMON (ED Farranrory) Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of FOILMARNELL UPPER

Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of FOILMARNELL LOWER Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of AUGHNACRUMPANE Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres

Townland of HARLEYPARK Down Survey Name: Ballingarry 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, Jeffrey (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Forfeited: Jeffrey Fanning plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 25 English: 21 Irish: 4 Titulado: George Comerford, James Comerford

Townland of GORTFREE

Down Survey Name: Gurtfree 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Edmund (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Moore, Richard (Protestant) County: Tipperary Barony: Slevardargh and Compsy Parish: Ballingarry Profitable land: 186 plantation acres Forfeited: 186 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 8 English: 8

Co Limerick:

King John's Castle and Thomond Bridge, Limeric...
King John’s Castle and Thomond Bridge, Limerick city. Ireton took Limerick in 1651 after a long siege (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Townland of BALLYSIMON (Dickson) Down Survey Name: Ardmore 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Alderman (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): James Duke of York (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Limrick Liberties Parish: Derrygalvan Profitable land: 44 plantation acres Forfeited: 44 plantation acres

Townland of KEYANNA

Down Survey Name: Shedfeackle

1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Alderman (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): James Duke of York (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Limrick Liberties Parish: Derrygalvan Profitable land: 251 plantation acres Forfeited: 251 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 47 English: 47

Townland of RATHBANE SOUTH Down Survey Name: Rathbane 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Dominick (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Wilson, Sir Ralph (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Limrick Liberties Parish: St Nicholas

Townland of INCHMORE Down Survey Name: Ardnevokes 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Dominick (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Winkworth, John (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Limrick Liberties Parish: St Nicholas Unprofitable land: 98 plantation acres Profitable land: 54 plantation acres Forfeited: 54 plantation acres

Townland of CRABB’S-LAND Down Survey Name: Skennaboy 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Dominick (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Wilson, Sir Ralph (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Limrick Liberties Parish: St Nicholas Profitable land: 21 plantation acres Forfeited: 21 plantation acres

Townland of Fanningstown (ED Fedmore)

Down Survey Name: Fanninstowne 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Edmond (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Ormesby, Sir Edward (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Coshma Parish: Ballingaddy Profitable land: 360 plantation acres Forfeited: 360 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 56 English: 49 Irish: 7 Titulado: Col John Bridges

Townland of BALLYSHONICKBANE

Down Survey Name: Ballyshanikine 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Glyn & Nicholas (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Bury, Phineas (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Kenry Parish: Killcornane Profitable land: 318 plantation acres Forfeited: 318 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 10 English: 10

Townland of GLASCURRAM

Down Survey Name: Garranyweelanbeg 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, John (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Evans, George (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Pobblebrian Parish: Killkeady Profitable land: 40 plantation acres Forfeited: 40 plantation acres

Townland of GARRANE (ED Garrane)

Down Survey Name: Garrannemannagh 1641 Owner(s): Ffanning of Limerick, Ffrancis (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Ingram, Sir Arthur (Protestant)Newenham, John (Protestant) County: Limerick Barony: Pobblebrian Parish: Monesterneany Profitable land: 197 plantation acres Forfeited: 197 plantation acres

Co Clare:

Townland of COOLSHINGAUN

Down Survey Name: Cregneseigh 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Dominick (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Inchiquin, Earl of (Protestant) County: Clare Barony: Inchiquin Parish: Disert Profitable land: 30 plantation acres Forfeited: 30 plantation acres

Townland of BOOLINRUDDA

Down Survey Name: Ballylerenan 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, Dominick (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Inchiquin, Earl of (Protestant) County: Clare Barony: Inchiquin Parish: Disert Unprofitable land: 4 plantation acres Profitable land: 36 plantation acres Forfeited: 36 plantation acres

Co Kilkenny:

Kilkenny Castle. The Irish Confederate capital...
Kilkenny Castle. The Irish Confederate capital of Kilkenny fell to Cromwell in 1650 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Townland of CROAN

Down Survey Name: Crannebeg 1641 Owner(s): Fanning, James (Catholic) 1670 Owner(s): Halsey, William (Protestant) County: Kilkenny Barony: Knocktopher Parish: Aghaviller Profitable land: 161 plantation acres Forfeited: 161 plantation acres 1659 Census Total: 10 English: 10

1670 Fanning Land Owners:

Co Galway

Townland of SHANTALLOW (Ballymoe By)

Down Survey Name: Shanbollye 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic)Ffanning, William (Catholic) County: Galway Barony: Bellamoe Parish: Cloniberne Unprofitable land: 16 plantation acres Profitable land: 62 plantation acres Forfeited: 62 plantation acres

Townland of BALLYEDMOND

Down Survey Name: Ahellundedmond 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic)Ffanning, William (Catholic) County: Galway Barony: Bellamoe Parish: Cloniberne Unprofitable land: 171 plantation acres Profitable land: 68 plantation acres Forfeited: 68 plantation acres

Townland of CLOONAGAWNAGH

Down Survey Name: Cappanyguine 1670 Owner(s): Fanning, William (Catholic)Ffanning, William (Catholic) County: Galway Barony: Bellamoe Parish: Cloniberne Unprofitable land: 328 plantation acres Profitable land: 158 plantation acres Forfeited: 158 plantation acres

Co Tipperary:

Jeffrey Fanning owned 21 properties. These are listed in the above records from the Down Survey site.

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Free Irish Genealogy eBooks

This site has a wonderful list of free eBooks for Irish family history.  They are not under copyright as they are old. Some gems here. Good reading on a rainy day.

There are nearly 350 eBooks listed at this site with links. Most are 19th century with some from the previous century.

On this site the eBooks are grouped under the following headings:

* History of Ireland* Local History* Guidebooks* Irish Diaspora – General* Irish Diaspora- North America* Family Histories* Disputed Inheritance Cases* Irish-American Family Histories* Irish-Canadian Family Histories* Irish Genealogy Sources

Some of the titles which look interesting are:

The History of Ireland 1844

Slaters Directory 1846

Irish Local Names Explained

The Irish In America

Irish Emigration to the United States

Biographical History of the American Irish In Chicago

The Irish in Australia

The Story of the Irish in Argentina

Irish Colonists in New York

***Varieties and Synonymes of Surnames and Christian Names in Ireland

Below are two pages from one book which relate to Fannings

index to prerogatve wills ireland p161 faninge
Index to Prerogative Wills Ireland Sir Arthur Vicars 1897 p161
index to prerogative wills of ireland Fannin p162
Index to Prerogative Wills Ireland Sir Arthur Edward Vicars 1897 p162

 

Fannings in Feudal and Medieval Times in Co Tipperary

The History of Clonmel by William P Burke published in 1907 can be easily read online at archive.org The pages below mention Anglo-Norman Fannings in the 12th and 16th centuries in Co Tipperary Ireland.

Co Tipperary Cahir Castle Butler Coat of Arms
Butler Coat of Arms Cahir Castle Co Tipperary

History of Clonmel p7 croppedHistory of Clonmel page 8croppedClonmel in the 16th Century Fanning kerns cropped

Ballynahow Castle Co Tipperary Ireland 16 th Century Purcell Castle
Ballynahow Castle Co Tipperary Ireland 16 th Century Purcell Castle

Fanning Family in Co Tipperary Ireland 1654-1656

Map of Co Tipperary 1654
Thomas Faninge Juror
Thomas Faning of Gragenorea Gent Juror
Parish of Ballingarry
Holdings of Nicholas Faninge of Ballingarry & Jeffry Faninge of Glangale
Holdings of Jeffry Faning
Holdings of Wm. Faninge of Farrinrory
Wm. Faninge of Farrinrory & Edmond Fanning of Gortfree
Index of English Protestants and Papists 1654

Source: “The Civil Survey AD 1654-1656 County Tipperary Vol 1” by Robert C. Simington. Can be read at askaboutireland.

Maps of Co Tipperary Ireland Showing Ballingarry and Thurles Areas

These maps are from the very interesting and informative Ballingarry Parish site  and show the area that the Fannings came from. They show the relative proximity of Ballingarry to the Thurles area where the Fannings lived from the mid 1700s to the present day.

According to this site “Before Oliver Cromwell came to Ireland the land of Ballingarry belonged mainly to the Lismolin branch of the Butler family, three Fanning brothers, the Earl of Ormonde and a Marnell family of Lisnamrock. The only castle which was intact after the Cromwelliam campaign was at Farranrory.”

Slieveardagh Hills Map
Slieveardagh Hills Map
Slievedagh Map Co Tipperary Ireland
Map of north Tipperary showing proximity of Thurles to Ballingarry
Map of Tipperary 1906
Map of Tipperary 1906

 

Early Documented Fanning History Ireland

County Kilkenny Ireland History by Denis Walsh

The Fannings of Clomantagh

Richard Fanyn (Janyn) was among the first of the family in Ireland. He was a witness to Geoffrey FitzRobert’s charter to Duiske in 1204 [Duiske charters, no. I.] As Richard Fannynge he witnessed the charter of William Marshal I to Kilkenny between 1207 and 1211 [Chart. Priv., p.34 ; Liber Primus Kilk., p.74]. He was killed fighting on the side of Richard, Earl Marshal, in 1234 [Cal. Doc. Ire., i. 2212]. Richard may have been the original enfeoffee at Clomantagh, barony of Crannagh, Co. Kilkenny, as suggested by the descent of the 1/2 knight’s fee there.

Richard Fanyn was succeeded by his son Thomas, who held half the fee of a knight at Glothementhau according to the 1247 feodary (see notes below). In the record he is given as Thomas, son of Richard Janyn (Fanyn). Glothementhau is likely the equivalent of Clomantagh, for in 1300 John Fanyn was lord of Clomantagh. In that year, after an inquest held at Kilkenny, which found that John held the manor of Clomantagh of the Earl of Gloucester, in chief, and had then nothing in the manor except one messuage worth yearly 16d., license was given to him to grant to the parson of Clomantagh and his successors in perpetual alms a messuage in Clomantagh, next the church, late of Master Henry Fanyn [Cal. Just. Rolls, i. 336].

In the 1317 feodary Thomas de Fanyn (Fannyn) had succeeded to the half knight’s fee at Cloghmantagh. He was still there in 1343 when his lands in this neighborhood are mentioned [Ormond Deeds, i. 764], but was dead by 1348 [Ormond Deeds, i. 808-10].

Clomantagh is noted in later times to be held by the Butlers.

Notes on the feodaries

The 1247 feodary (The de Valence Purparty) was taken from “Chancery Miscellanea“, P.R.O., London (File 88/4, no. 70), collated with a list in the Calendar Patent Rolls.

The 1317 feodary (share of Hugh le Despenser and Alianora his wife) was taken from “Chancery Miscellanea“, P.R.O., London (File 9/24). Variants of this records (possibly of a later date) are from the British Museum, Additional Manuscripts MS. 4791.

Primary sources:Knights’ Fees in Counties Wexford, Carlow and Kilkenny, Irish Manuscripts Commission, with commentary by Eric St. John Brooks, Dublin Stationery Office, 1950. Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Volume I, Edmund Curtis, ed., Dublin, 1932.

Extracts from the Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. I -VI, Edmund Curtis, 1932-43.

Circa 1244 – Ralph son of Geoffrey quit-claims to Richard son of William a villate in Balygillduf and Killacheth. Witnesses: Philip de Intebergh, sheriff of Munster, John Fanyn, Henry de Capella, Geoffrey del Esse, John son of Richard, Adam de Sancto Johanne, Henry Pincera (Butler), Richard de Empdene, Robert de Beauveira, Andrew de Maydewell, Hugh del Anglurne, David Druy, William Gasam, William Ward, Thomas de Bristoll, clerk, Adam the clerk. [Vol I, p.44]

Circa 1250 – John son of Vincent de Everus, notwithstanding that he was not in seisin, grants a third part of five carucates in Douenachmor (Donoughmore) which belonged to the Lady Alice de Hereford, grantor’s mother, in dower, to Roger de Penbroc, in fee and in free socage. Witnesses: Sir Hugh Purcell, Sir William de Dene, Sir David de Kantteton, Sir David son of Godfrey, Sir John Fanyn, Sir Geoffrey de la Foreste, Sir Richard son of Ivo, Robert de Braham, Sheriff of Kilkenny, Robert de Petraponte, Robert Scorthals, Laurence de London, John Albus, Simon Albus, Robert de Bremel. [Vol. I, p.47]

May 20, 1261 – Clarice Griffyn, formerly wife of John Lagheles, in her lawful viduity, quit-claims to Milo le Bret and his heirs the manors of Knoktofre (Knocktopher), Karrek (Carrick), and Strother. Witnesses: Sirs Simon de Lasscy, Thomas son of Lionis, Thomas Fanyn, Walter de Hereford, Amaury de Lasscy, Walter son of Alured, Robert de Clahull, Geoffrey de Forestal, John de Clifford, Roger de Penbroc, Nicholas Albrici, Hugh de Belinges. [Vol I, p.62]

Between 1261-1266 – Sir William Fanyn was among the (prominent) witnesses where Ralph, Prior of St. Edmund of Athasell and the convent there, quit-claims to Theobald, Butler of Ireland, all houses with all building and closes which John de Hakeford, farmer of their church held in said vill, near the water. [Vol I, p.59]

November, 1284 – Bond of Ralph son of Adam de Caston, Nesta formerly wife of Geoffrey de Norton, Richard son of Meyler, Robert de Preston, William Devenys and Maurice son of Richard Seweyn to their lord, Theobald le Botiller, that John son and heir of said Geoffrey de Norton would grant to said Theobald all security which he should have in seventeen acres in the tenement of Baligaveran (Gowran) which formerly belonged to Symon Dyme; two acres in le Berton, and an acre of meadow in le Hamme; and the whole meadow that Sir Theobald have to the said Geoffrey at le Norhe Korrach (? north Korrack) and in four acres formerly belonging to Walter Fanyn; and five acres that said Walter formerly bought to Walter Fox lying near the gate called Quenaldtsbarre, … [Vol I, p.108]

August 23, 1305 – Know ye all present and to come that I, Eustace le Poer, knight, have given and granted to William ffanyng the manor of Moyobyra, with all its appurtenances, namely the castle, messuages, lands, meadows, etc., turbaries, homeages, services, suits of court and all else, named and to be named belonging to the said manor. To have and to hold to the said William and his heirs in heredity forever; paying yearly therefor to me and my heirs for the first twenty four years from the making of this charter fifty marks of silver, and after this term, is completed the said William and his heirs shall be forever free of the above said rent for the said manor, saving however to me and my heirs all other services of the said manor, viz. ten shillings of royal service when proclaimed, all law suits of the tenants of the said manor at my court of Carth (? Carch), and all wardships, marriages, and reliefs of the heirs male of the said William when they happen. Given at Kilkenny. Witnesses: John fitz Thomas, Peter son of James de Bermyngham, Walter Lenfaunt, Geoffrey de Poher, knights, Edmund le Gras, Hugh de Antone (? Dandon or Dundon) and Robert de Lond’ (? Londres). [Vol I, p.156]

July, 1332 – Simon de Rupe grants to John fitz Simon of Balyeth one mark’s worth of yearly rent in Balyeth in the tenement of Fedmer. Witnesses: Walter . . . John FanynPatrick Fanyn, Walter Dullard and Gilbert Appilgard. [Vol I, p.274]

September 14, 1343 – John, son of William Uske, grants to Milo Cornewaleys, chaplain, two carucates of land in Cradokeston, together with common pasture belonging to the same for all farm beasts of said Milo grazing there; which carucates lie between the land of Thomas Fanyn and the land formerly Thomas Aunteyn’s in length and breadth from the land of Edmund Gras and that of Thomas Pembrok. Given at Cradokeston. Witnesses: William le Gras, John le Gras, Edmund le Gras, Thomas Pembrok, Martin Byketon, and others. [Vol I, p.324]

November 1348 – Deed of entail made by Milo Cornewalshe, chaplain. He grants to Patrick son of Fulc de la Fregne, knight, and Johanna his wife one messuage and two carucates of land in Rathcradok in the tenement of Kildreynagh, which formerly belonged to Ralph de Uske, lying between the land formerly Thomas Fanyn’s and the land formerly Thomas de Druhull’s… Given at Rathcradok. Witnesses: Robert Shorthals, John de Blaunchevill, knights, Thomas Purcel, Gilbert Shorthals and Thomas Pembrok. [Vol I, p.342]

January 22, 1410 – Henry Fanyn of Moytobry appeared before the county court of the liberty of Tipperary, at Crumpiscastell, before Robert Poer, sheriff of the same liberty. [Vol. II, p.289]

August 2, 1430 – John Fanyn gives and grants to Thomas son of Nicholas de sancto Johanne and his heirs all messuages, lands, tenements, etc., and services of free tenants together with a third part of a water-mill which are situated in Haltonwrstoun and Balispedegh. To have and to hold to him and his heirs for ever. [Vol. III, p. 74]

August 4, 1489 – Notarial deed declaring that “in the year of our Lord 1489 by the computation of the churches of England and Ireland, in the seventh indiction of the 5th year of the pontificate of Innocent VIII, in the parish church of St. Mary of Callan in the diocese of Ossory on the fourth day of August, in the presence of me, public notary, … Thomas Fannyng, lord of Mohobbir, chief of his nation, exhibited certain letters patent of the most reverend lord and father in Christ John, archbishop of Cashel, of happy memory, signed with the seal and subscription of William Broun, notary, scribe of the court of the same archbishop, containing the process in a cause of matrimony and legitimacy between the said Thomas, plaintiff, and William Fannyng, defendant, and the sentence pronounced by the same archbishop in the said case. These he handed to be read to the aforesaid notary…

We have seen, computed, and understood the rights of a case of birth and legitimacy between Thomas Fannyng the plaintiff and William Fannyng the defendant tried before us in our diocese of Cashel, each of whom claimed to be the legitimate son of Nicholas Fannyng, once captain of his nation, which still remains open and undecided…. therefore we…, by this our final sentence delivered by the advice of men learned of law, do declare that the said William has failed to prove his case and that the said Thomas is the legitimate son of the said Nicholas Fannyng and born in wedlock publicly contracted before the church.” [Vol III, p.267]

1550’s – At inquisitions taken at Clonmel are included the names Geoffrey Fanyng, gent.; Nihols, Richard and John Fanyng fitz Geoffrey of Ballyngarry; William Fanyng, gent.; Wilfred Faning of Ballyngarin; Oliver Fanyng, juror; William Fannyng fitz Oliver of Garynegrye, kern; James Fannyng of Garransillaghe, kern; Shane Enellan Fannyng and Maurice Fannyng, late of Cahir, kerns; Richard Fanyng, of the Carrick; Richard Reagh Fannyng of Balyngary. [Vol V. various]

April 22, 1565 – Oliver Faning and James Faning of Garrynegrye, county Tipperary, grant to Sir Thomas Butler, Earl of Ormond, the castle of Moylessan with all the messuages, lands, etc., in the town and field of the same. In February, 1570, this grant (deed) was declared void because the land mentioned was in mortgage for 19l. 6s. 8d…. which money was tendered and paid by an order taken at the sessions kept at Cahsel, Feb. 27, 1570. [Vol V, p.152]

December 20, 1579 – Edmund Fanning of Farrinrory, Co. Tipperary, gentleman, son and heir of William Fanning late of the same, grants to Thomas, Earl of Ormond, half of the towns of Ballymaclaghne and Ballytarsne in county Kilkenny or Carlow, with all the messuages, lands, etc., belonging to the same, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns for ever. [Vol V, p. 303]

January 27, 1584/5 – Bond, by Richard Butler of Powleston, Co. Kilkenny, gent., and Morerteghe O’Riane of Ballyclaghine in the same, gent., to the effect that they owe 300l. to Thomas, Earl of Ormond, on condition that William Fanyng, son and heir of James Fanyng, late of Balyclaghin, his heirs and assigns, and all other persons seised or to be seised to his and their use of the moiety of the towns and lands of Ballymclaghin and Ballytarsny, Co. Kilkenny, whereof William Fanyng, father of said James, was in his life-time seised, shall abide by the award of Gerald Blanchvild of Blanchvilston, Robert Forstall of Kilfiragh, etc., concerning the right, title, and interest of the moiety of said towns, now in controversy between said William Fanyng and the Earl of Ormond.

In March of the same year, an award was made to William Faninge fitz James of Ballymclaghne, where “the Earl shall make an estate in tail of the premises (above) to said William with remainder to Oliver Faninge, William’s uncle, with remainder to said Earl. [Vol VI, p.15]

December 13, 1592 – In a commission from the noblemen, gentlemen and freeholders of the county palatine or liberty of Tipperary appears the following names: William Fanning of Ballygary, and Edmund Fanning of Faren Rory. [Vol VI, p.52]

Information compiled by Dennis Walsh.

Cashel Rock of Cashel Walls
Rock of Cashel Walls

Early Fannings in Co Tipperary and Co Kilkenny Ireland 1305-1659

These records are in the National Library of Ireland archives in Dublin:

1305- Grant by Eustace le Poer to William Fanyng of the manor of Mayobyra, Aug. 23, 1305.

1347 -Writ to the sheriff of Kilkenny touching a contoversy in law between Amicia de Carew, defendant, and Thomas Fanin, Plaintiff, concerning the manor of Cleomentach, 1347.

1430 – Grant by J. Fanyn to Thomas de Sancto Johanne(St.John) of messuages, land,etc. in Haltonwrstoun and Balispedegh, Aug.2, 1430.

1439-Notarial deed concerning the legitimacy of Thomas and William Fannyng, Lord of Mohobbir (Co. Tipperary), Aug.4,1489.

1512-Grant by Geoffrey Fanynge to Sir Piers Butler of the town of Balicoyne, Co.Tipperary, Sept 8, 1512.

1519- Grant by Geoffrey Fannyng to the Earl of Ormonde of all his lands etc in Ballycoyne, Gossescroft, Garryfynke, Codeston, etc Co Tipperary Aug 12 1519.

1521- Grant by Geoffrey Fannyng to the Earl of Ormonde of all his lands and tenements Ballyghoyn, Ballyntaghyrth, Grageyrysen and Codestoune, Co Tipperary, Dec 10 1521.

1544-Grant by Oliver Fanyng to the Earl of Ormonde of all the messuages, lands, etc.of Mohobbir and Shancourte, Co. Tipperary, in exchange for lands in Ballihoggon and Croanebeg in Co. Kilkenny, May 10, 1544.

1551- William Fannyng fitz Oliver of Garynegrye and James Fannyng of Garansillaghe, kerns, at Lisnalyn killed one Donald O’Shee late of Modesshell, footman. Inquisition at Clonmel. From Calendar of Ormonde Deeds, 5th Edward VI(1551).

1557-Grant by the Earl of Ormonde to Richard Mares and Katherin Fannyng his wife of the wardship of Edmond Warner alias Marnell, May 1, 1557.

1578-Grant by the Earl of Ormonde, through his attorney, Richard Shee, to John Fanning of a mill called Hospital Mill in Carrick(-on-Suir), May 22, 1578.

1579-Grant by Edmund Fanning to the Earl of Ormonde of half of the towns of Ballymaclaghne and Ballytarane, Co Kilkenny, Dec 20 1579.

1585-Bond by Richard Butler and Morerteghe O’Riane to the Earl of Ormonde on condition that William Fanyng shall abide an award concerning the title to a moiety of lands in Ballymclaghin and Ballytarsny, Co Kilkenny, with the award, Jan 27, Mar 3, 1585.

1625-Grant by Clement Fanning to his daughter Joan Fanning of a half plowland of Dromona and a chamber in the castle of Ballycahill, Co Tipperary, citing a grant by Fanning to William Kennedy and others, June 20 1625.

1659- Jeffery Fannying Esq. and William Fannyng gent. are listed in Pender’s Census of Ireland 1659 as living in the townland of Ballingarry in the Parish of Ballingarry.

Fanning Family Landholdings in Ballingarry Co Tipperary Ireland 1650 and 1850

Sections from  “Landlordism in Ballingarry Parish in 1650 and 1850” by Dr Thomas McGrath which involve the Fanning family:

“The lands of the present Catholic parish of Ballingarry comprising the civil parishes of Ballingarry, Mowney and parts of the civil parishes of Lismalin and Crohane, were owned by twelve people c. 1650. Of these twelve, five were Butlers, either closely or distantly related members of the most important family in the region. The Butlers owned well over half the land of the parish.

The largest landowner in the parish in the mid seventeenth century was the non-resident Earl of Ormonde who held a total of 4,600 acres which was but a small portion of his total landholding. The Earl and Countess of Ormonde directly controlled over 85,000 statute acres in County Tipperary alone.

The Earl’s holdings in Ballingarry were as follows with the acreage given in brackets, Ballintaggart (1,600), Mohober (1400), Rosnharley (Harleypark-200), Gortnassy (100), and Boulintlea (Boulea-900). Pierce Butler, Lord Viscount Ikerrin resided at Lismalin where his solid castle can still be see (as can his castle at Clonmichlon in Gortnahoe parish). He held the townlands of Lismalin(664), Gragagh(700), Ballygalvan(400), Shangarry(360), The Islands and Gragaugh(598), Garrynagree(410), Garrynoe(500), Knockankitt(200), Shangarry(400), making a total of 4,232 acres. Again this was only a portion of his 26,700 statute acres in County Tipperary. Thomas Butler of Kilconnel held Crohane(1600) and Ballincurry(180) totalling 1,780 acres. Pierce Butler of Callan held 800 acres at Williamstown and William Butler of Ballykerrin held 300 acres there. People bearing the Butler name thus controlled 11,712 acres in the Ballingarry area.

In comparision to the Butlers, the Fanning Family, who were also of Anglo-Norman origin, were of minor importance though they were well established in Ballingarry holding 4,454 acres. Nicholas Fanning held 1600 acres at Ballingarry. Jeffry of Glengall held 474 acres consisting of Glengall(1184) Grawn(100), Ballaghboy(150) and Gortnassy(40). William Fanning of Farrinrory held 1,980 acres: Farranrory(1,000), Cappagh(680), and Kilmackenoge(300). Edmond Fanning of Gortfree held 400 acres therein.

Between 1650 and 1850 landownership in the parish completely changed. The Anglo-Norman families of Butler and Fanning (invariably described as ‘Irish Papists’) who had supported the native Irish in rebellion against the New English in the 1640s were dispossessed during the Cromwellian (if not the Williamite confiscation’s). Fanning of Ballingarry was executed. Viscount Ikerrin (with all his tenants and retainers) was transplanted.

In Slieveardagh officers in Cromwell’s army (in particular) and adventurers who had financed the war were offered the forfeited lands of those who had been in rebellion on the losing side. Many of the adventurers sold on and of course during a period of two centuries lands would have changed hands many times through the normal processes of sales, wills, legacies, etc. The denomination of townland acreage’s also changed substantially.The three biggest landowners in Ballingarry in 1850 were of New English origin and held over 2,000 acres each. “

The Fanning Family in Ballingarry Co Tipperary Ireland 1512 to 1731

Ballingarry Castle was recorded as being in the possession of Nicholas Faninge of Ballingarry in 1641. Faninge was part of a powerful land holding family in the parish of Ballingarry from the medieval period to the seventeenth century.

The castle was probably a tower house and residence of the Fanning’s.

Ballingarry medieval church functioned as the parish church. The church appears to have been in ruins at the end of the fifteenth century but was reconstructed, possibly by the Fanning family whose Ballingarry tower house was nearby.

Ballingarry settlement was associated with the Fanning Family in the later medieval period. In 1512 Geoffry Fannyng was described as the Lord of Ballingarry (Curtis, E. 1932-1943 Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. IV, 71). Geoffry Fanning was probably the free holder called to the Liberty Court of Tipperary in 1508 as a juror (Curtis, E. 1932-1943 Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol. IV, 329).

The castle of Ballingarry was probably built by the Fannings. In 1654 Nicholas Faninge, an Irish Papist was recorded as the proprietor of Ballingarry and the settlement at the centre of the parish was described: “Upon the sayd lands stands a good castle with a tatcht house & some cabbins and a mill standing upon a little brooke neare the castle.” (Simington, R. C. 1931 The Civil Survey AD 1654-56 Co. Tipperary Vol. I. Stationary Office: Dublin).

The Fannings were one of a few families to retain their land after the Cromwellian confiscation’s. In the census of c. 1659 a Jeffry Fannying Esq. is returned as the principle land owner of Ballingarry townland (Pender, S. 1939 Census of Ireland c. 1659. Dublin. 295). In 1667 Jeffry Fanning paid taxes for three hearths, including an oven and a kiln (Laffan, T. 1911 Tipperary Families, Being the Hearth Money Records for 1665-7. Dublin.135).

The area occupied by Ballingarry settlement was small. The historical record and the remains on the ground show that the settlement was dominated by the Fanning tower house and other buildings owned by them.

The Fannings were associated with Ballingarry from the early sixteenth century, possibly when they built their tower house. The choice of site was influenced by the presence of the parish church. The settlement described in the Civil Survey appears to be a wealthy farmstead with services and functions for a grazier estate.

Any nucleation at the centre of the parish was sponsored by the Fanning family, either for their own use, the functions of the estate or as houses for the workmen of the estate.

The Catholic people of the Parish built a new Church at “Kilbaheen”, situated 250 yards east of the present church, in 1731, on land reserved by Mr. Fanning when he sold his property to Mr. Jacob (Visitation Book, pp133-134).

Source: Ballingarry Sth Tipperary

Early Fanning History in Ireland from 1346 to 1710

CAPTAIN RICHARD FANNING.

Ortelius’s Map locates this family in the Barony of Pobble-Brian, County of Limerick; and the name is of record in Ireland from the time of Edward the Second. In 1346 John ‘Fanyn’ was one of an influential Commission deputed to examine the fitness of the guardians of the peace and the adequacy of the array in the County Limerick, and Simon ‘Fanyng’ is of record, as a landed proprietor therein in 1355. In three years after Hugh Fannyn was appointed a guardian of the peace and commissioner of array in Tipperary. It was a name of influence also In Kilkenny, where, in 1545, Henry the Eighth granted the fee of certain lands to Oliver Fannynge, whose son and heir died in 1623, leaving Robert, his son and heir, then aged thirty and married. Again, in 1590, died William Fannyng, having made a previous settlement of his estates there, the trustees of that settlement were James, son of Thomas Fannyng of Ballintaggart, in Tipperary; Robert, son of Walter Fannynge of Mohobber, and Richard Fannynge of Kappaghintallagarry. James was the son and heir of said William, the settler, but he, dying in his father’s life-time, William Fannyng succeeded, his namesake’s estates. In 1632 a Robert Fannyng died seised of several lands in Kilkenny, and leaving William, his brother and heir, then aged thirty-three and married.

* Clarke’s Correspondence. MS8. T.C.D., Lett. 83.

The name was more especially influential in Limerick, until the Munster war of Elizabeth’s time. Geoffrey Fanning of Glenagal and Patrick Fanning of Limerick were of the Confederate Catholics at the Supreme Council of 1646, while Alderman Dominick Fanning was one of those to whom, on the capitulation of Limerick, the mercies of the articles were denied. In 1668 Jeffrey Fanning had a confirmatory grant of upwards of 2,000 acres in Tipperary, as had William Fanning of 531 in Galway. Besides this Captain, William and David Fanning were Quarter-Masters in Colonel Henry Luttrell’s Horse. On the Attainders of 1691, the only Fannings mentioned are William of Batty-rath County of Kilkenny, and David Fanning of Kilkenny, merchant. Richard is not on the Roll, nor are any of the Limerick Fannings; while on the Establishment of 1710 the name of Robert Fanning is noted for an annual pension of £10.”

Source: “Illustrations, Historical and Genealogical, of King Jame’s Irish Army List” by John D’Alton 1861