John Hugh Fanning 1893-1975 Victoria Australia

Jack Fanning Kilmore
A young John Hugh Fanning
Nance Fanning nee Kelleher
Hannah “Nance” Fanning nee Kelleher

John Hugh Fanning, called Jack, was the son of Edward Fanning of Bulla and Sarah Collins of Northcote. Sarah died young of consumption at the age 27 in 1897. Jack would have been four years old when his mother died.

Jack worked as a farmer and lived just outside of Kilmore at Willomavin in country Victoria. I can remember my father telling me that Uncle Jack, his uncle, never wanted to be a farmer and work on the land but that his father Edward made him.

He married  Hannah “Nance” Kelleher  on Oct 21 1925. His brother Frank was best man and Nance’s brother Pat was groomsman. Her cousin Alma Kelleher and her friend Aileen Hesford were bridesmaids. Aileen was later to marry Pat, Nance’s brother. Nance and Jack Fanning did not have any children.

Nance-Kelleher-wedding-table-talk_use
Wedding of Nance Kelleher and John Fanning in Table Talk, 17 Dec 1925
Nance and Jack Fanning
John Hugh Fanning and Nancy Fanning nee Kelleher 1945. His niece and my aunty Eileen Fanning is in the background.

Nance was an keen golfer and also very involved in the CWA and other community groups and activities.

Jack Fanning Kilmore with horse
Jack Fanning Kilmore
Jack Hugh Fanning Kilmore
John Hugh Fanning at Kilmore
Frank Fanning and Pat Kelleher
Frank Fanning, my grandfather on the left and in the middle is Pat Kelleher, Nance’s brother at Kilmore
Hanging Rock John Edward Fanning, the boy in the middle,Nance Kelleher on the right, Jack Fanning on the left, Frank Fanning on the right next to Nance
Hanging Rock John Edward Fanning, the boy in the middle,Nance Kelleher on the right, Jack Fanning on the left, Frank Fanning on the right next to Nance about 1928
Nance Fanning nee Kelleher at Sunnyside Bulla
Nance Fanning nee Kelleher at Sunnyside Bulla
Aunty Daisy Fanning nee Dillon, Ida Fanning and Nance Fanning nee Kelleher
Daisy Fanning nee Dillon, Ida Fanning nee Mackey, my grandmother and Nance Fanning nee Kelleher.

Nance and Jack Fanning are buried in the Kilmore Cemetery Victoria.

Nance Kelleher was the daughter of Denis Kelleher and Catherine Connors and was born in 1902 at Avondale, Kilmore.  Her ancestors came out to Australia from Co Kerry in Ireland. Her grandmother Bridget Mannix came out in 1866 with five of her children. Her husband Patrick had arrived before her in 1864. In Co Kerry their name was written as Kelliher.

Patrick Kelleher Obit Kilmore Free press 9 Feb 1939
Obituary in the Kilmore Free Press for Patrick Kelleher, Nance Fanning’s uncle 9 Feb 1939.
Catherine Kelleher Obit Kilmore Free Press 4 Dec 1947
Obit Kilmore Free Press 4 Dec 1947 for Catherine Kelleher wife of Denis and mother of Nance Fanning nee Kelleher
Aileen Kelleher Obit Kilmore Free Press 20 April 1950
Aileen Kelleher Obit Kilmore Free Press 20 April 1950 Nance’s sister-in-law
Denis Joseph Kelleher Obit Kilmore Free press 13 June 1940
Denis Joseph Kelleher, Nance Fanning nee Kelleher’s father. Kilmore Free press 13 June 1940

 

William Patrick Fanning 1812-1876 Co Tipperary Ireland and Bulla Victoria Australia

I am not sure when this photo was taken, outside “Sunnyside” Bulla, but I suspect it may have been when “Big Bill” was sick, as he is sitting down. He died of cancer of the jaw in 1876. In 1863 a tender was advertised by the architect Mr J F Mathews in The Argus for construction of the verandah so it is after this time.

William Patrick Fanning, known as “Big Bill” because he was a very tall man, was born in Thurles, Co Tipperary, Ireland in 1812. His parents were Edmond Fanning and Johanna (Judith) Darmody.

He was the third son of a family of 10 children. The Fannings were quite numerous and well known in Northern Tipperary and many were farmers while some went into business, quite a few were publicans, spirit sellers and shopkeepers. This pattern continued in Victoria with two of his daughters, Mary and Johanna, being hotelkeepers. By Irish standards they were well off and this is reflected in Big Bill’s business initiative and land acquisitions here in Victoria.

His surname is inconsistent being spelt as Fannin in 1841, Fanning in 1862,  Fannan in 1869 (in an advertisement in the Argus, for a neighbour’s property, he is referred to as Mr Fannan). In 1862 he signed as Fannan but his two children, Mary and John, signed their surname as Fanning. This may be to do with the fact that he could not write and would have been using phonetic spelling. In those days people may not have been as particular about how they spelt their names.

Unfortunately, not much is known about Catherine Hayes. From her death certificate we can establish that she was born c1818 in Co Tipperary Ireland and that her father was a farmer. I remember being told that she smoked a pipe when she lived in Victoria.

She married William Patrick Fanning in 1841 in Cork presumably just before they sailed on the “Enmore” on the 22nd of June. They left from Cobh,  in Co Cork on june 22 1841 and arrived three months later at Port Phillip Victoria on Oct 4 1841. Catherine is listed as Mary Fannin, age 24, farm servant, who can neither read or write. Both were Roman Catholics and came as assisted passengers, their fares being 19 pounds each.

Below is the “Enmore” passenger list page where Catherine and William Fanning are listed as William and Mary Fannin. The full passenger list for the Enmore and more on immigration at this time are in the post  Australia The “Enmore” Cork Ireland to Port Phillip Victoria 1841. Descriptions of Melbourne as William and Catherine would have found it  in 1841 are in the post Life in Melbourne Victoria 1841-1852.

Enmore 1841 William and Mary Fannin
Passengers on the “Enmore” arriving 1841 Melbourne Victoria Australia

The post “Ireland in 1841” gives the political and social background in Ireland and the preceding years and makes it easier to understand why they decided to leave their home and families and come to Australia.

I have wondered why they chose to come all the way to Australia and not go to America or Canada. I have read that immigration to Australia became more attractive as it was aid provided through the bounty system. Fares were paid.

The colonial bounty system came into being in 1837 but was revised in 1840. It granted money to people bringing into NSW from the UK (including Ireland) agricultural laborers, shepherds, tradesman, female domestics and farm servants. There was plenty of work as there was a shortages in these areas.

Kikenny, Tipperary, East Limerick, East Clare and North Cork accounted for over half of all Irish assisted emigrants to Australia. It also seems that life was better for immigrants in NSW and that they did not end up in urban ghettoes like so many did in America.

One of Big Bills relations, Martin Eviston had been transported to NSW in 1830 for manslaughter. He came back to Ireland sometime after 1839 and married Johanna Fanning Big Bill’s cousin. While he came back all his children ended up emigrating as well as quite a few of their cousins (children of Thomas Eviston and Mary Fanning) and settling in Australia. The Evistons lived at Clonomocogue close to the Fanning families and Big Bill would no doubt have talked to Martin Eviston. While Martin Evaston came back to Ireland he must have painted a very positive picture of life and opportunities in the colonies for most of his children and their cousins to have emigrated.

When Catherine and William first arrived they spent some time working at the wharves before they moved to Wyndham in Werribee.

They had five children: John Henry, Mary Elizabeth, Catherine, Johanna Louisa and Edward Francis. The two eldest John and Mary were born in Werribee in 1842 and 1844 while the others were born at Bulla.

In 1844 William Fanning purchased 150 acres of land in what was called “Tullarmarine Island” the area south of the Sunbury Road enclosed by Jackson’s Creek and Deep Creek on Loemans Road near Bulla Bulla where he raised his family. It would have been purchased from the Colony of NSW as Victoria did not exist as a separate colony until 1853.

The current project study area is located on land that was theTullamarine pastoral run (Spreadborough and Anderson, Settled District map). Some of the early landholders of pastoral runs located between Jacksons Creek and Deep Creek included W.J.T. Clark, W. Fanning and M. Loeman (Symonds 1985, 213). In 1844 William Fanning purchased 150 acres of land on what was known as “Tullamarine Island”, which is the area south of
Sunbury Road, enclosed by Jacksons Creek and Deep Creek on Loemans Road (Symonds 1985, 41). Here he set up his farm, which his wife looked after while Fanning undertook contract carting to the goldfields during the 1850s. The Fanning’s built their Sunnyside homestead during the 1850s at the village of Bulla Bulla (Symonds 1985, 41-42). Bulla Bulla was surveyed in 1847, and by 1853, Bulla Bulla consisted of 12 wooden houses, the Deep Creek Inn and Tulip Wright’s hotel, with the first post office opening within this hotel in 1850, then moving to another building (Symonds 1985, 49). During the 1850s, traffic to and from the goldfields passed through the Bulla region, causing some problems with the steep sloping roads. During this time several businesses commenced at Bulla Bulla, including a kaolin clay works used to manufacture porcelain, as well as a large flour mill and brickworks (Symonds 1985, 50). In 1854, Bulla Bulla became known as Bulla. By 1870, the population of Bulla was approximately 200 people, with 2630 in the Bulla district, and 263 dwellings in an area of 73,500 acres (Symonds 1985, 51). By the 1880s, Bulla contained four hotels, a hunt club, several churches and a grocery store and wine saloon. In the 1860s, the State Government introduced the New Industry Act that gave special assistance to enterprising people to develop virgin land (Symonds 1985, 117). Early settlers to the Bulla area, such as W. J.T Clark took advantage of this assistance and started to grow grapes.” From the Outer Metropolitan Link to Melbourne Airport and Bulla Bypass Assessment Report 8/8/2011

According to “Victoria and Riverina 1931-32” Aboriginal people were numerous at this time but “owing to his tactful handling the family never had the slightest trouble with them.”

On the discovery of gold at Sandhurst (Bendigo) in 1851 Bill started contract carting to the goldfields. It is thought they would have used bullock teams as the tracks were extremely rough. Broken axles were common. The first day took them to Monegeeta.  While William “Big Bill” took supplies across to the gold fields in the 1850’s, Catherine looked after the 100 acre dairy farm. It took three months to do the round trip by waggon. Bill did five trips a year at 100 pounds a ton. The first day got them to Monegeeta.

After the village of Bulla Bulla was surveyed in 1847, he was the first to purchase land in Quartz Street just behind Tulip Wright’s Deep Creek Inn.

On 16 August, 1852, lot 119a at Bulla Bulla was gazetted to William Fannan.

This is where he had “Sunnyside” built. The original homestead on Loemans Rd was a slab hut built under the shade of a large gum tree some 60 meters from the present home, and this was followed by a separate kitchen, later used as a storeroom. “Sunnyside” a single storey bluestone slate roofed farmhouse with outbuildings was built in 1859 using only local stone and gum trees, with the chimney built of hand made bricks. The outbuildings include a simple bluestone kitchen, bluestone woolshed (originally used as stable and coach house), a piggery and a shed with roughly split timber side walls and weatherboard gables. The piggery dates from 1853, the cow shed from 1855 and the shearing shed from 1860. Originally Loemans Rd used to run directly in front of the “Sunnyside” picket fence but this was later resurveyed to the present line. ” The house was registered as a historic building in 1992. It has stayed in the Fanning family.

Sunnyside Sheds J T Collins Jan 1977
Sunnyside Sheds J T Collins Jan 1977

Sunnyside J.Collins 1

“Sunnyside” Bulla
View Photo Database Record
“Sunnyside” Bulla

 

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“Sunnyside” Bulla
View Photo Database Record
Bluestone Wall “Sunnyside” Bulla Victoria Australia
Yards at “Sunnyside” Bulla Victoria

 

“Sunnyside” Bulla Victoria Australia

Photos of “Sunnyside ” Bulla Victoria Australia

On the 7th of July 1855 William purchased 342 acres along Wildwood Rd, called “Emu Flat”. This was left to his son John Henry. He also owned land at Kilmore and in Melbourne where the present day Windsor Hotel is situated in Spring St.

Some time after he and Catherine emigrated a group of 17 relatives came out to Victoria. We are not sure of their names or the dates or their exact relationship to Big Bill. I have been told it was about ten years after Bill came out. He apparently wasn’t all that happy to have them staying at Bulla and let them stay in the cattle sheds before letting them stay on his land at Spring St for three months. Some are then said to have gone up to Queensland and some to NSW.  All attempts to discover who they were and what happened to them have been unsuccessful.

The Argus of August 2, 1856 published a list of names of those petitioning W.J.T.Clarke esq., to nominate to run to become a member of the Legislative Council. W. Fanning is listed on this as are other Bulla residents including Martin Batey, David Patullo and Richard Brodie. Clarke also called “Big Bill” owned huge amounts of land in the Sunbury area and was elected to the Legislative Council in 1856. His son built the mansion “Rupertswood” in Sunbury.

In 1858 William Fannan had land in the Parish of Kerrie gazetted. It was 107 acres 2 rods and 38 perches in size. This land was at Monegeetta and was either given to his daughter Mary or sold to her and her husband Jeremiah Skehan.

W Fannan Parish of Kerrie 1858 Monegeetta
Land owned by William Fanning at Monegeetta 1858
William Fannin 1856 Census
William Patrick Fanning 1856 Census Victoria

William Patrick Fanning is listed as William Fannin, farmer, in this 1856 Census for West Bourke in the colony of Victoria. He has a farm on 100 acres freehold at Bulla.

In 1862 the body of an infant girl was found in a sack in Emu Creek. William found the sack which was close to the living quarters of a Johanna Doyle. She was arrested but later acquited. At the inquest William, his wife Catherine and son John and daughter Catherine were all questioned. William signed his name as Fannan.

When William arrivd in 1841 he could read but not write according to the passenger log. His signature may well have been the only thing he could write. Being a farmer he would have had little time to learn to write. His son and daughter both signed as Fanning in 1862 at the same inquest. Fannan is the phonetic way of spelling Fanning.

W Fannan Signature 1862
William Fanning’s signature 1862

In 1871 the following farmers, mainly from the area across Jacksons Creek towards Bulla and Sunbury, successfully objected to a proposed land sale: Martin Batey, Dugald Stewart, John Skuse, John Dickens, William Fanning, Martin Dillon, Patrick Leyden, Alexander Guthrie, William Prendergast, Isaac Batey, ? Batey, John Daly, Peter Murphy, John Murphy, Michael Bourke, Thomas Condon, John Scully, Charles Bradley(?), Anne Gregor (“Dairy Woman”), Thomas Emerson, (“Dairy Man”), George Randall, Thomas Faithful, Harriet Sharpe, John Heaghney, and Michael O’Brien. (Hume City Council site)

William Patrick Fanning died in 1876, age 65, after a long and painful illness, cancer of the jaw.

William Patrick Fanning Death certificate 1876.bmp
Death certificate of William Patrick Fanning 1876 Bulla Victoria Australia

William Patrick Fanning, “Big Bill”, is buried in the Catholic section of the Melbourne General Cemetery in Carlton, with his wife, Catherine, daughter-in-law, Bridget Fanning nee Collins, and his grandson, Thomas. In the Argus he was described as a much respected old colonist of 35 years whose passing was much regretted.

William Fanning & Catherine Hayes Grave Melbourne Cemetery
Grave of William and Catherine Fanning nee Hayes Melbourne Cemetery Victoria Australia
Fanning Monument Melb Cemetery
Fanning Graves in the Melbourne Cemetery Victoria Australia

Catherine died on the 20th May 1895 aged 77 and is buried in the Melbourne Cemetery.

Catherine Fanning 1895 Death Notice cropped
Death Notice Catherine Fanning 1895 Bulla Victoria Australia

Below are detailed genealogy reports on the ancestors and descendants of William Patrick Fanning 1812-1876.

Willaim Patrick Fanning Ancestor Report 2015
Ancestors of William Patrick Fanning 1812 Thurles Co Tipperary Ireland – 1876 Bulla Victoria Australia
William Patrick Fanning Descendant Report 2015
William Patrick Fanning Descendant Report 2015

William Patrick Fanning 1885-1935 Victoria Australia

William Patrick Fanning at Nan's Wedding
William Patrick Fanning 1915 at brother Frank’s wedding to Ida mackey

Aunty Daisy Fanning nee Dillon, Ida Fanning and Nance Fanning nee Kelleher

William Patrick Fanning was the oldest son of Edward Fanning and Bridget Fanning nee Collins. He was born 16 July 1885 at Bulla and died on 12 April 1935 in Fitzroy Melbourne. He was educated at Xavier College in Melbourne and matriculated in . He inherited “Sunnyside” and was a farmer.

Sunnyside Front of House June 2011
Sunnyside June 2011

He married Mary Josephine Dillon from Willow Bank Bulla.

Willow Bank
Willow Bank Bulla Victoria Dillon Home

This is what was written about William Patrick “Bill” Fanning  in “Victoria and Riverina 1931-32” :

Victoria and Riverina 1931-32 Article WPFanning cropped
William Patrick Fanning Biography 1931
William Fanning 1935 & Mary (Daisy) Fanning 1970 Bulla Cem.
William and Mary Fanning nee Dillon Bulla Cemetery Victoria
Mary Josephine Dillon Ancestor Report 2015
Mary Josephine Dillon Ancestor Report 2015

 

Patrick Collins Co Limerick Ireland to Northcote Victoria Australia

Patrick Collins Signature
Signature of Patrick Collins


Map of irish Counties use
Map of Irish Counties

Patrick Collins was born in Co Limerick Ireland about 1819 and died 20 Feb 1905 in Melbourne Victoria Australia. His father was Patrick Collins and his mother Bridget McNamara. She also came to live in Melbourne with her son and his family in Northcote. He married Mary Gribben in Co Down about 1845 when he was 33. Patrick Collins came out to Australia from Ireland about 1853. He worked as a Police Constable in Melbourne.

I have not been able to find any birth records for Patrick in Co Limerick or Tipperary and Co Clare records are not online yet. In the RIC records there is a Patrick Collins listed born Co Clare and all the dates fit. This Patrick enlisted in 1845 and was 24. The enlistment and birth dates are right for our Patrick.

Patrick Collins RIC record
Possible Irish Police RIC record for Patrick Collins

I also found records for one of Patrick’s brothers and he was born in Co Tipperary and records for this Thomas Collins’ children and they were born in either St  John’s or St Michael’s Parishes in Co Limerick. Birth records for some of Patrick’s siblings have them being born in St Michael’s or St John’s also. So it seems the Collins family came from near the borders of counties Limerick, Tipperary and Clare in the north east of Co Limerick.

Collins Map of Limerick, Clare and Tipperary
Map showing Limerick City, Castleconnell and Killoscully places where Collins family were born.

His mother Bridget was born c1788 in Co Limerick Ireland. When she came out to Australia it is quite possible that she was accompanied by her granddaughter Annie Josephine Collins. Annie Josephine was Patrick Collin’s niece and married James Henry Meehan.

Mary Collins and Patrick Collins, their son Thomas and Mary’s parents (John and Mary Gribbin) and brother (John Gribbin) all came out to Australia on the “Miles Barton” which left Liverpool, with 400 passengers, bound for Melbourne on June 26, 1857 and arrived 30 Sept 1857. They came as unassisted passengers.  Patrick came out earlier. On Patrick Collin’s death certificate it says he came out c1855, although this is not necessarily accurate.

On Patrick Collin’s police record it says he joined the Victorian Police Force on the 19th of September 1856 and that before that he had been on the “diggings”.

In Ireland he had been employed in the “Constabulary” for seven years. This would have been the Irish Constabulary which was formed in 1822 . It was renamed the Royal Irish Constabulary or R.I.C. in 1867. It was however only after the First World War, when large numbers of ex English, Scottish and Welsh soldiers were employed that the R.I.C. become know as the “Black and Tans”, hated for their brutality towards the Irish people.

When Patrick joined the Irish Constabulary they only accepted single men but after 7 years, with permission from their superiors, they were allowed to marry.

A police constable would not have been allowed to work in his home county and this may explain how Patrick, born in Co Limerick, came to marry Mary Gribben from far off Co Down. Once married he would not be allowed to work in Co Down or Co Limerick. He emigrated to Australia soon after marrying.

Patrick was five feet ten inches tall, with a pale complexion and dark brown hair and blue eyes and a “not smart” general appearance! He was 32 when he joined the Victorian Police Force and married. I suspect he was actually 37 as the dates on other documents agree with this. He may have taken a few years off his age to get accepted into the Police Force.

Patrick Collins spent more than 17 years as a policeman in Victoria. His Police Record gives some idea of his life out on the beat.

His police record has him being “drunk on the morning of the 2nd inst” in 1860 and again “being under the influence of Drinke” in April of the same year and being fined 5 shillings. His superior did however remark that “this constable has always conducted himself in a steady sober manner”.

On Sept 7 he was “sitting in a shop reading a newspaper when on duty” he pleaded guilty and was duly fined 8 shillings and transferred to the City. In 1863 he is stationed in Fitzroy and on the 7th of Jan “drunk returning off duty at 9PM” fined 10 shillings. Patrick was fined the same amount again for being absent from his beat and under the influence in June 1863.

The following year he was caught talking and walking with a female when on duty and “improperly working his beat” Again he is fined but this time it is the smaller amount of 5 shillings and sixpence.

The more serious charge of “Misconduct as a Const” was made against him in 1865 and he was fined 30 shillings. No elaboration on what this misconduct involved was recorded. This is the only charge on his record sheet that he pleaded not guilty to.

The Police must have been very strict or on his case, as Patrick Collins was in 1865 cautioned for being 7 minutes late for duty at 8.45 p.m.

In 1866 and 1871 there are entries which may relate to him being ill it is hrd to decipher the abbreviations and writing. It does look like he was off work on half pay for several years. In 1873 it is noted that he has been on half pay due to ill health and this continues up to 25 June 1876 when he is given a back dated discharge.

He was superannuated from the Police Force on the 31st of December 1873 with the rank of Constable.

He lived with his family in Northcote Melbourne. Patrick and Mary Collins had 12 children 9 of whom lived to adulthood. Thomas was born in 1854 in Co Down Ireland, Francis Patrick born c 1856, John Thomas 1858, Patrick Francis 1859, Bridget Anna (who married Edward Fanning) born 1869, Mary Josephine (nicknamed Tottie) born 1861, John Hugh born c1864, Annie born 1864, Theresa born 1865, Ellen Mary born 1867, Sarah Anne (who became Edward Fanning’s second wife) born 1870 and Theresa Anna born 1972.

Bridget Fanning nee Collins use
Bridget Fanning nee Collins first wife of Edward Fanning

 

Bridget Collins signature 1884use
Bridget Collins signature 1884

 

Thomas James, their eldest son, died tragically in 1881. His death was reported in The Argus, April 1881.

Thomas Collins Drowned 1881 cropped
Death of Thomas James Collins The Argus April 1881

When Patrick Collins died in Feb 1905, age 86, he was quite wealthy. Below is a copy of his death certificate:

Patrick Collins 1905 Death_cropped
Death certificate Patrick Collins Feb 5 1905

On the 1903 Electoral Roll for Victoria he is listed as a man of Independant Means. His Will and Probate papers are online at  the Public Records Office Victoria  PROV.

In his will he leaves everything to his wife Mary for herself and the support of his three unmarried children: Mary, John and Theresa, until they marry. If they marry they are to be given the use of one of his houses in Greeve St Fitzroy for 21 years. After this time the house is to be sold and the proceeds equally divided amongst the remaining children. A sum amounting to one half of a share went to each of his two grandchildren, William Patrick “Bill” Fanning  and Edward “Ned” Fanning. Nothing was left to his other two grandchildren by his daughter Sarah.

His total estate was worth 2,000 pounds at the time of his death in 1905. He owned a six roomed weatherboard house in Waterloo Rd Northcote as well as four, old, three- roomed brick cottages in Young St Fitzroy ( Nos 270,272,274 and 276 Young St). He also owned four, brick cottages in Greeves St Fitzroy, nos 27, 29 and 131 Greeves St.

One story I have heard repeated in the family is that Patrick Collins was a High Court Judge back in Ireland. I haven’t found anything to back this up and in Victoria he was a Police Constable.

Patrick Collins paid for the education of his two grandchildren,William and Edward Fanning, at Xavier College, a prestigious school in Melbourne.

The Collins family graves are in the Melbourne General Cemetery in Carlton.

Mary Collins 1921, Mary Collins, John Collins and Bridget Collins Melb Gen Cem
Gravestone of Mary, John and Bridget Collins Melbourne Cemetery Victoria Australia
Collins Melb Gen Cemetery
Grave of Thomas James Collins, Mary Gribben, Patrick and Ellen Collins, Melbourne Cemetery, Victoria, Australia

The first grave is that of Mary Collins nee Gribben, wife of Patrick Collins of Northcote. She died 28th July 1921. Their son John Collins, born 1858 died 1859, and daughter Mary Collins, born 1861 died 1917, are buried here also. Also Patrick Collin’s mother, Bridget Collins nee McNamara, born c1788 in Co Limerick and died at Northcote, 27 August 1881.

The second grave is that of Thomas James Collins, who died Mar 25 1881, aged 27 years. He was born in Co Down, Ireland about 1854. Also buried here is Mary Gribben nee Carlon. She who was born about 1804 in Co Down, Ireland and married to John Gribben. She died 28 Oct 1879, aged 74 and was Patrick Collin’s mother-in-law.

Patrick Collins, the patriach of the Collins family, died age 86, on 20 Feb 1905. He was born c 1819 in Co Limerick, Ireland. Also buried here is Ellen Collins born c 1867 and died, age 21, on June 14 1888. She was one of Patrick and Mary Collin’s daughters. They had 12 children.

The genealogy report which follows details the descendants of the earliest Collins ancestor from Co Limerick Ireland.

Patrick Collins Descendant Report 2015
Descendants of Patrick Collins from Co Limerick Ireland 2015

Bridget Christina Burns and the Burns Family Co Galway Ireland and Victoria Australia

Bridget Mackey nee Burns
Bridget Christina Mackey nee Burns Melbourne Victoria Australia

Bridget Christina Burns was born in Sunbury Victoria 1859 and brought up in Echuca which is two and a half hours north of Melbourne on the Murray River, bordering NSW.

Her parents were Bryan (Bernard) Burns and Mary Canavan both from Tuam, in Co Galway, Ireland. Bryan’s name was Anglicized as Bernard.

Mary Burns Signature

Mary Burns’ Signature

Mary Burns nee Canavan’s father was Patrick Canavan and her mother was Bridget Connor. Bryan and Mary were married in Kilrahan near Tuam in Co Galway when she was aged 20. They came out from Ireland in 1857 on the Ebba Brahe from Liverpool England.

Ebba Brahe 1857
Ebba Brahe 1857 Byrne passenger details

With Bryan, aged 29, came Mary his wife, aged 24, and their two children, Margaret aged 3 and John an infant. None could read or write. Bryan was to be employed for two months with a Mr A Nicholson of Upper Plenty, on the outskirts of Melbourne. Wages of 65 pounds.

This may be Bryan Burns

This photo to the left may be of Bryan Burns. Perhaps he is wearing his railway blazer. If anyone recognizes this man I’d love to hear from you. This photo was taken by Alfred Wren in Echuca some time between 1870 when Wren was in Melbourne and 1879 when Wren died in Echuca. If this is Bryan he would have been between 39 and 48 years old.

A timeline of the Burns family movements in Victoria Australia:

  • If you follow the time-line of the history of the railways in Victoria it co-incides with Bernard’s employment with the railways from 1859 through to the time of his death in 1881.

In 1859 the railway from Melbourne to Sunbury was opened, this was when the  family       was living in Sunbury their daughter Bridget Christina Burns was                             born there in 1859.

In 1862 the Melbourne to Bendigo railway line officially opened at Castlemaine,                  the family was living at Campbell’s creek near Castlemaine at this time. Michael                  Andrew Burns was born there in 1862.

In early 1863 tenders were called for the construction of the railway line from                   Bendigo to Echuca, the work began in late 1863. The family was then living in                     Porcupine near Maldon. Mary Jane Amelia Burns was born in 1864 at Porcupine.

The railway line from Bendigo to Echuca opened in late 1864. The family possibly            moved to Echuca around this time. In 1866 Thomas Burns was born in Echuca.

Bernard was still working for the railways at the time of his death in 1881 and                    living in Echuca. His death certificate states his occupation as Railway Gate         keeper, the family were living in a house supplied by the railways.”

(Source: Teresa Fairbairn,  great granddaughter of  Bridget Burns)

Bryan Burns & Christopher Constable Death 1881
Sudden Death of Bryan Burns & his son-in-law Christopher Constable 1881

 

Burns Headstone Moama Cemetery
Burns Headstone Moama Cemetery Victoria

Bridget’s parents Bryan (or Bernard) Burns and Mary Burns nee Canavan are buried in Moama Cemetery, near Echuca in Victoria.

The inscription reads:

Erected by

Mary Burns in

memory of

her beloved husband

Barnet Burns

who died Oct 10 1882

aged 50 yrs

also their

son

Thomas

aged 5 mths

and their grandchild

Sophia

Beloved Wife of the Above Mary Burns

Died 12th May 1904

Aged 70 years

Bridget, aged 23, was married to Thomas Mackey, aged 29, on May 1, 1882 at St Mary’s Catholic Church in Echuca, Victoria.
Bridget Burns & Thomas Mackey 1882 Marriage_cropped
Marriage Certificate of Bridget Burns & Thomas Mackey 1882

Bridget and Thomas had nine children: Thomas born 1883, Eileen “Sis” born 1884, Victor 1886, Mary 1888, Ida, my grandmother,1890, Edmond 1893, Christopher 1894, Alfred 1896 and Doris 1899. Ida Mackey married Francis Collins Fanning in 1915.Most of their married life they lived at 102 McPherson St Essendon. Bridget Mackey was affectionately called “Ma”. On her wedding certificate her occupation is a dressmaker and on her daughter Ida’sdeath certificate she is listed as a Department Store employee.

I have been told that my mother was very fond of her and that Ma approved of my parent’s marriage wheras my grandmother was opposed to their marriage on the grounds that my mother’s mother, Grace Collier, was a divorcee.

In 1891 Bridget Mackey signed the Women’s Suffrage Petition (as Mrs Mackey) and was living in McPherson St Essendon. Women went door to door to collect 30,000 signatures in favour of granting women the vote. It was presented to the Parliament of Victoria. The vote for women was granted in 1908. Bridget Mackey and Annie Meehan (nee Collins) were the only women in my family who signed this petition.

Bridget Mackey nee Burns died at Glenroy on December 18, 1944, aged 86. She is buried here with her husband Thomas Mackey who died on the first of June, 1926, aged 73.

Mackey Grave Fawkner Cem.
Bridget Mackey nee Burns is buried in the Mackey Family Grave Fawkner Cemetery Victoria Australia

Bridget Mackey,Ida Fanning and Eileen Mackey Bridget's grandaughter

Bridget Mackey nee Burns, Ida Fanning nee Mackey and Eileen Mackey, Bridget’s granddaughter.

Burns Family
William Bernard, John Thomas, John Francis Burns all seated. Standing: Victor Gerald and Michael Patrick Burns outside “Roeander”. Before 1933

 

 

This photo includes John Thomas Burns the brother of Bridget Mackey nee Burns and some of his sons. John Thomas Burns died in 1933 so it hasto have been taken before then.

The following detailed genealogy reports trace the ancestors and descendants of Bridget Christina Mackey nee Burns from Ireland to Victoria Australia.

Descendant Report Thomas Mackey 2015
Descendant Report Thomas Mackey 2015

Johanna Doyle and Catherine Doyle Fanning Bulla Victoria Australia

Emu Creek Bulla
Emu Creek Bulla

In 1862 there was an inquest into the discovery by William Patrick Fanning of the body of an infant girl in Emu Creek. It was thought to be the child of Johanna Doyle, a woman who lived and worked on the Fanning property at Bulla in Victoria.

William and his wife and two eldest children, John Henry and Catherine, were questioned at the inquest. There was not enough evidence to decide how the child died and whose child she was. William Fanning would have been 50, Catherine 44, John Henry 20 and Mary 17 at the time.

The Argus Melbourne Victoria Saturday 11 Oct 1862 reported on the inquest:

MYSTERIOUS AFFAIR DISCOVERY OF THE BODY OF A CHILD

On Thursday, the district coroner commenced an inquiry into the cause of death of an infant child, whose body was found on Sunday last in the Emeu Creek. It appeared that the child was placed in the water, dead or living, very shortly after its birth; and from the circumstances that the body was tied in a bag, in which some stones were put, no doubt can be entertained that the person who threw it into the creek had intended to conceal the fact of its existence. Some suspicion attached to a woman who had been living as servant at an out-farm belonging to Mr Fanning, a farmer, at Bulla.

The following evidence was taken on Thursday:-

William Fanning stated that on Sunday afternoon he was on his farm, and walking near the Emeu Creek, when he saw a bag in the water. Got it out, and thought from the bad smell, it contained human remains. Did not open it, sent information to the sergeant of police, who came and took it, opening it in the witness’s presence. The place where the body was found was about two miles from witness’s residence. Knew Johanna Doyle, a servant in witness’s employment up to about two months back. Sent her away because he did not want her any longer. She was not living at witness’s own farm-house. There was no woman then living at the out-farm, where she was.

Mr James McIntyre, surgeon, made a post-mortem examination of deceased female infant, now shown to the jury. Found the body in a bag. It was the body of a full-grown female child. There were no external marks of violence that witness could discover. The umbilical cord was absent, and there was no after-birth in the bag. Believed the lungs had been fully inflated. Found air in them, and did not think the air was the result of decomposition. The brain was absent, the scalp gone, and the parietal bones were open. Witness thought the child had been dead a month to six weeks. Could not say what the stomach contained, it was too much decomposed.

At this stage of the case, the coroner adjourned until the next day, when the following additional evidence was given:-

Sergeant Nolan, stationed at Sunbury, stated that on the evening of the 6th inst. he received information that a sack, supposed to contain the remains of a child, had been found by Mr Fanning, a farmer, at Bulla. Went to the place, and Mr Fanning gave witness possession of the bag, containing the child shown to the jury. Opened the bag in his presence, and found a child wrapped up in a small piece of cotton and dress lining. The body was in an advanced state of decomposition. There were two stones in the sack. In consequence of information received, arrested Johanna Doyle, now present, and brought her from Lancefield. Examined her dresses, but could not find anything to correspond with the material the child was wrapped in.

William Fanning on being re-examined, stated that the woman now present, Johanna Doyle, was in witness’s employ about two years and a half. She lived the whole time at an out-farm, about two miles from witness’s own homestead. She was in the habit of coming over to witness’s house occasionally. Witness discharged her because a man would better do the work she did – for no other reason. Did not observe any change in her figure about the time of discharging her. The place where the bag was found was about seventy or eighty yards from the hut in which she lived. The nearest house, except witness’s was about a mile from the spot. The creek had been running this year, and was running now. The bag was not floating- it was sunk in the water, and resting on the bottom of the creek, in about four or five feet of clear water. The stream was sometimes very powerful in the creek, and the bag might have been carried along, notwithstanding there were a few stones in it. It was an old flour-bag, and there were similar bags kept at the farm, but none of them, nor was this, marked. Had no reason to suspect Johanna Doyle was in the family-way when she left witness’s service, or before. A black boy, an aboriginal native, lived at the hut with Johanna Doyle, but on other male lived there.

Catherine Fanning, wife of the last witness, had known Johanna Doyle three or four years, during the last two years and a half of which she had been in witness’s service. Believed she was a married woman, and that her husband had gone back to Ireland three years before. She was in the habit of coming to witness’s house once or twice in the month. She was discharged because it required a man to go after the cattle. On one occassion witness said to her she seemed to be in the family way, and her answer was that she would be very sorry. Did not observe any difference in her size when witness discharged her. She occasionally complained of being delicate, but she never said she was in the family-way. After she left, witness was at the hut where Doyle had lived before she took her clothes away. Did not see any signs of blood about the place.

Neither of these two last witnesses gave evidence in a willing manner; and the coroner was obliged to remind the woman that he had the power to commit to gaol any person who withheld evidence, or who gave evidence in an equivocating manner.

John Fanning, a young man, son of William Fanning.- Knew Johanna Doyle, but never heard anything about her having been in the family-way, or that she had the dropsy. Knew nothing about either the birth or death of the deceased child.

Mary Fanning, a young woman, daughter of William Fanning.- Knew Johanna Doyle had been ill for some time, but did not know what was the matter with her. She was able to go about as usual. Knew nothing whatever about the death of the infant found in the bag.

Tommy, an aboriginal native, belonging to the Darling tribe, gave evidence that he had been living in Mr Fanning’s employ for the last four years. Knew Mrs Doyle, and lived at the out-farm in the hut with her. Witness minded the cows and she minded the paddock and cooked the food. She slept in the back room with her two children. Witness slept over the dairy. One day , about a fortnight before she left, she asked him for a drink of water. Went into the room and she was sitting on the bed. She did not complain of pain and witness never heard her groaning with pain at any time. Never saw any signs of a child, and Mrs Doyle was never laid up for a day. She always got the meals regularly. She was vomiting the day witness gave her the drink of water. She was faint. Never saw any signs of blood about the place.

Mr McIntyre, being recalled, stated the child might have been dead for two months, but it was impossible to state precisely. A woman might go about her work after being delivered of a child without its being suspected. Could not state what was the cause of the death of the child.

The jury returned verdict as follows:- “That the body was found dead, in a corn-sack, on the 5th October, in the Emeu Creek; but there was not sufficient evidence to show who was the mother of the child, or how the deceased came by her death.”

Some time ago I received an email about a Catherine Doyle Fanning. This is the email: ” have been trying to find out where my great great grandmother came from, she was born Bulla Victoria in 1865, out of wedlock to a Johanna Fanning. My great great grandmothers name was Catherine Doyle Fanning born 1865 Bulla Victoria to Johanna Fanning, according to our family records she was placed for adoption, but she retained the name Fanning. With some of the records she names her father as being a William Fanning and her mother as being Johanna Doyle. There is also mention of other children, but unfortunately there are no christian names only that she has three siblings and one sibling that died. “

As far as I can work out there are two possibilities: Catherine Doyle Fanning may have been the child of Johanna Fanning, Big Bill’s daughter ( she would have been 17, how likely is that?) or she may have been the child of Big Bill himself to Johanna Doyle!! and this opens up the possibility that the child found in Emu Creek may also have been Big Bills. This would explain their reticence as witnesses.

I’d love to hear from anyone who has any information  on Johanna Doyle and Catherine Doyle Fanning. I couldn’t find any birth, death or marriage records in Victoria that seemed to apply to Johanna Doyle or Catherine. Unfortunately I have not heard back from the person who sent me the email.

Irish Settlement at Bulla Victoria Australia

Bulla Bridge over Deep Creek built 1869
Bulla Bridge over Deep Creek built 1869

Bulla Bridge built 1869 crosses Deep Creek. The town of Bulla is situated in a valley along Deep Creek, a tributary of the Maribyrnong River. In 1861 there were 136 people in the Bulla census, in 1891 there were 306 and in 1933 there were 174.

 

The area in Bulla, Victoria, Australia where the Fanning family from Thurles Co Tipperary Ireland settled in the 1840’s was established almost entirely by Irish families.

In the Hume City Council website under heritage citations the former McAuliffe Farm is described “as one of the farms established by Irish families along the Deep Creek at Wildwood, a precinct settled almost entirely by this ethnic group.” The McAuliffes were one of a group of families of Irish origin, which included the Cahills, Ryans, Feehans, Branigans, and (later)the Fannings and Dillons, who established farms in the “Wildwood” area in the nineteenth century, mostly overlooking the grand valley of Deep Creek. The only known non-Irish family in the Wildwood locality was that of David Patullo, originally of Scotland, who established Craig Bank, later Willow Bank(qv.),near the Wildwood Bridge.”

Willow Bank was the home of the Dillons. The Dillons were from Sth Tipperary, most likely from Clonpet Parish. There is a Margaret Dillon at Clonpet. Also at Solohead Graveyard (about 13kms from Clonpet) there is a grave of a Martin Dillon who died 26/2/1843 aged 62. His spouse is a Margaret. I wonder if this could be Margaret Crowe the mother of Martin Dillon Snr?

The Ryans and the Fannings were both from Thurles, Co Tipperary. The Cahills and the Feehans were also from Co Tipperary. Thomas Branigan came from Cullen in Co.Louth and the McAuliffe family was from Co. Limerick.

These families were also connected through marriage. Mary (Daisy) Dillon married William Patrick Fanning, Mary Ryan married James Feehan and Martin Cahill was married to Mary McAuliffe.

History of Bulla Victoria Australia Published 1910

This is the essay which won the second prize at the Bulla Horticultural Show in 1910 and was written by Frank Cleary and published in the Sunbury News Aug 6 1910:

” HISTORY OF BULLA FORMERLY BULLA BULLA

Bulla is a pretty little village, situated on the banks of a clear stream called Deep Creek. In the year 1850 there were very few houses in Bulla- mostly all tents. A police station was opposite Mr Hillary’s house. The constable Mr Talty, was very clever with a sword. Where Mr Honan is living now was known as the “Trooper’s Bend”, as the police horses used to graze on it.

There was a pound yard on the main road. The first poundkeeper, Mr Gilbert, was the father of John Gilbert, the bushranger. The first blacksmiths and wheelwrights were Campbell and Stewart, who had their dwelling and shop in Trap-street, where Mr Allen now resides.

The price of cutting a tyre was 1 pound and for mending a bullock yoke 5 shillings. Mr Stewart removed to Lancefield, and Mr Hall started business in his place. There was one hotel, the Deep Creek Inn, owned by Tulip Wright; he was owner of much land. In the early days he had a boat, and when the creek was too high to cross otherwise, he rowed people across for 5 shillings each way. He also held church service on part of his premises before the church was built. In 1850 the Church of England was built. Mrs Green gave the land. In the following year the Presbyterian Church was built. The first school was on the main road. It was opened in the year 1854. The teacher was a Mr Lazarus. The second school was in Trap-street. The third move was opposite the Deep Creek Inn. First taught by Mr Lazarus, then Miss Thorpe, Mr Freeman, Mrs Cox, Mr Cassidy and Mr Saunders, in succession. The present school was built in 1871, and in the year 1877 the old school was burned down.

In the year 1850 a post office and store were opened in Trap-street by Messrs Smith and Duff. Mr Smith was a son-in-law of Tulip Wright. Mr Bethell had the first contract for the carrying of the mails, and he afterwards bought the store and post office from Mr Smith.

The first newspaper to Bulla was the “Argus”. The price was sixpence.

The Kaolin works were in full swing for many years(in the end of the ’50’s and early in the ’60’s) and over 40 men were employed. In March, 1860,a flood destroyed the works for a time; but they started again in 1868. For many miles around the district it was a great wheat-growing country. Men were employed in cutting the crops with scythes and reaphooks. They used long handle rakes to rake up the crop. My grandfather, Mr O’Brien, reaped and cradled oats on Mr Dicken’s Coldingham Lodge farm (owner), and occupied by the Dickens family for over half a century. There was one butcher, Mr.Dean. He had a slaughter yard on his property. He was a famous shot. He was known to shoot a bullock over his shoulder while his horse was galloping with a bullock giving chase.

Bulla is a very hilly country in parts. The cutting on the Bulla hill was made in the year 1862. Mr Falvy was the contractor. Previous to that the bullock teams crossed the hill where the quarry now is, then known as the “Gluepot Hill”, from the many teams stuck in crossing.

Another short lived industry was the flour mill, which worked for a few years, but closed in 1861. It was built by Mr Hunter and the miller was Mr Straughan. The ruins of the mill still stand by the creek in Lockton.

The first council meeting was held in the Deep Creek Inn in the year 1862. The first secretary was Mr Sutherland; then Mr Harris, who absconded with about 500 pounds of the council’s money; next Mr Daniel, Mr Lethbridge and our present secretary, Mr Daniel. In the year 1868 the Bulla Shire Hall was built. In 1868 and 1869 the Bulla bridge was made of blue stone taken from the Bulla quarry. Also the Shire Hall and many other buildings.

There were only two blacks in Bulla- Jimmy and Jenny. There was also a family of half casts, called the Brigs.

The first bootmaker was a Mr McDonald.

Bulla was once famous for goats. A crossing is still known as “The Goats”.

The beauty spot of Bulla is “Glenara”, the residence of Alister Clark Esq., with its beautifully laid out gardens and flowers. “Glenara” has been the residence of the Clarke family for more than half a century.

In the early ’50’s a gold mine was struck on Mr Batty’s Red Stone Hill farm. There has been a good yield of gold taken from it, and it is still working.

To the east of Bulla,from Lockton to the Inverness Hotel, was all a forest of trees. In later years it was selected and cut up for farming purposes.

A big flood occurred in the year 1870, and washed away the Wildwood bridge. The Catholic church was built in 1876. There have been a good many people drowned in the Deep Creek.

An omnibus used to run from Bulla to Melbourne. The fare was 5 shillings, and in after years a cab took the place of the bus. Bulla was a flourishing township before the railway to Bendigo was opened, the bullock waggons carting from Melbourne to Bendigo passing through it. Previous to the stone bridge there was a wooden bridge, and before that was built the bullock teams used to cross by a ford. Mobs of wild cattle used to pass through on their way to Melbourne.

Brick works were started in 1877, as Mr Gillies had promised a railway, and 18,000 bricks were made. Carting was too dear to continue, and as there was no railway, the bricks were carted away in the following year to the chemical works, and thus another chance for the township to rise again was lost.

Many people were buried in the township -some close to the creek and others close to Trap-street- before the present cemetery was made. There was a small one opposite the Deep Creek Inn which had to be closed when  the road was getting made.

The Burke and Wills’ party passed through Bulla on their way to Cooper’s Creek.

Native cats and opossums were plentiful some years ago. There were more fish in the Deep Creek then than at the present time. The Recreation Hall was built a few years ago. The industry of Bulla at present is farming and dairying.

On the creek just below where the present school is situated is a swinging bridge which has often been wrecked by floods. There have been many floods in the Deep Creek, but the highest was in December, 1906.”

Life in Melbourne Victoria Australia 1841-1852

William and Catherine Fanning arrived in Port Phillip, in the Colony of Victoria, on the 4th of October 1841. This is what they would have seen and experienced when they arrived.

Melbourne was only five years old, with a population on 2nd March 1841 of 4,479 people. Every week during that year migrant ships poured more and more people into it. Although there was plenty of work up country, many hung unemployed about the Immigrants’ Depot. Though the town had some brick houses, because of rapid increase in population it also had many tents and calico huts. It had three banks, two newspapers, two sawmills, a flour mill and several shops. Some doctors were practicing and clergymen of five denominations ministered to their flocks. People had watches, but no-one was certain of the correct time, for the clock at the Post Office was not installed until 1843.

“The streets were quagmires, and the only beacon to guide the wayfarer’s slithering course at night was the dingy spluttering oil lamps, one of which every publican was to keep alight at night in front of the groggery. There was no hospital, no Benevolent Asylum, no lunatice asylum; but there was a gaol, a stocks, and instead of “Black Maria” the sombre hearselike police van now in requisition, a huge chain officiated as assistant pacificator at races and sports, to which refractory individuals used to be manacled, and a very unwholesome string of rascals might, at times, be seen escorted through the streets by the non-descript expiree constables of the period.”

The streets still had stumps in them and were dust-bowls in summer and slushy in winter, Elizabeth Street being a water-course which could only be negotiated with difficulty.

Stagnant water in the streets and insanitary conditions led to epidemics. During that summer there were epidemics of typhoid and dysentery and a patient was buried each week. Drainage from properties was into William’s Creek (as Elizabeth Street was then called) or Batman’s Swamp or the Yarra. From the Yarra, water was sold to the community, the carriers charging two shillings for eighty gallons.

Mail was brought from ships by Mr Liardet and handed to the Postmaster, Mr Kelsh, who operated from a small brick building on the side of the present G.P.O. He was a sour and uncivil person and was superseded in July 1841 by Mr Kemp, a polite and efficient officer, from whom the Clancy’s and others received good service.

At the corner of Elizabeth and Lonsdale Streets, on the edge of the town, was St. Francis Church, where Father Patrick Bonaventure Geoghegan ministered. He arrived in Melbourne on 15th May 1839 and celebrated the first Mass in Victoria on 19th May in an unroofed store belonging to Messrs Campbell and Woolley at the corner of Elizabeth and Little Collins Street .

The great influx of Irish migrants during 1841 caused congregations to increase, collections to become larger, and the need for a Church building to replace the small wooden structure to become imperative. Only a month before the arrival of the Clancy’s the foundation stone of St. Francis Church was laid on 4th October 1841 (the Feast of St. Francis). The day was stormy, but nevertheless a large crowd assembled, including many Protestants. Nearly £200 was collected at the ceremony. Coins were deposited under the Foundation Stone but thieves stole them.

The month of March began with a round of outdoor entertainment. Races were held on 1st March, a sultry day when the attendance was good and on 2nd March when the day was cool. The country came to town when the First Annual Pastoral and Agricultural Society Show held in the cattle market but the show of cattle was not numerous. Business generally was buoyant and building was going on apace in the suburbs and “where the bird whistled today, the chimney smokes tomorrow”. Present high rents encouraged some to rush up Jerry built houses. New Town was renamed Collingwood and building blocks were advertised in several streets. Bushrangers were operating on the outskirts of Melbourne and in the Geelong area. These men – Martin Fogarty, Charles Ellis and Daniel Jeep – were captured, condemned to death, and paraded through the streets to their place of execution. There also took place, for the first time, the public execution of natives on 21st January 1842 when two Tasmanian murderers, “Bob” and “Jack” were hung.

Natives strolled about the streets in considerable numbers. The annual Census in 1841 showed 175 blacks in Melbourne. This number dropped to 92 in 1848 and continued to dwindle. Later, they were prohibited from the town by the Corporation because of their non-conformity of attire, the temptations to drink and their constant begging. From time to time, they held corroborees, the last of these being held near Melbourne in the middle of 1844. A blacks’ school was started near the junction of Merri Creek and the Yarra River, under Mr Peacock. The school was later transferred to Newtown.

By 1842, the boom period of employment for migrants was over and many were finding difficulty in obtaining employment. A depot was formed, the first of the immigrant Homes, and work was found for a hundred or two during several months in making a good carriage road from the falls of the Yarra to Sandridge. A reduction of wages from twenty shillings to eighteen shillings per week led to a strike.

The first elections for a Municipal Council were held in 1842, there being 729 burgesses entitled to vote.

The first Regulations for Schools in Australia took effect from 1st January 1842. A Government grant, not exceeding a penny a day, was made for children whose parents could contribute little toward the cost of education. Quarterly returns were checked by the Inspector of Schools. In 1842, Melbourne had schools conducted by the Church of England, Church of Scotland, Wesleyan, Independent and Roman Catholic Churches, with a gross enrolment of 422 children. Private schools had 2l4 children. Only one-third of the children were attending schools.

Towards the end of 1843, Melbourne experienced a grasshopper plague, when potato and turnip crops near Melbourne were destroyed. “The grasshoppers were lying in myriads all the way from the Catholic Church to the Supreme Court”. An idea of the cost of living can be gained by prices reported on New Year’s Day 1844 – potatoes 8/6 to 9/-per cwt, retailing at 1d to 1d per lb, lettuce 1d a head, French beans 2d per quart, oranges 2d to 3d each, eggs 1/- a dozen, fresh butter 7d to 8d per lb, bacon 1/- per lb, beef 1d to 2d per lb, flour first-grade retailing at 12/- per 100 lb.

Irish people in Melbourne were dining in luxury compared with most of their compatriots in Ireland. The year 1845, with the widespread failure of the potato crop, ushered in a famine the like of which the people of Ireland had never known before, a famine that brought appalling misery and widespread death.

News of this appalling tragedy was published in the papers. This item from the Port Phillip Patriot is indicative of the nature of many published reports. Lamentable records of starvation are published in the May, files of Irish papers, eg., from the Nation -“Cork is like a city of the plague – the unburied corpses trip men in the streets”.” In addition, details would come in letters .

The Rev P.B. Geoghegan called a meeting on 12th August 1846 to consider what they could do to help the people who were suffering. Some 300 attended . A sum of £250 was collected from those present. In four days, this grew to £423 and a little later, the sum of £500 was remitted to Ireland. Later, the amount reached £l,362:17:3.

In 1846, 9,000 – or one quarter of the population of Victoria – was Irish born. As a result of the famine from 1847, another 16,000 Irish arrived in Victoria in the next six years, many of these coming from County Cork. Coming from one region, sharing one religious faith (in the main), belonging to the same economic and social class, they provided a remarkable homogeneity in this rapidly growing community. Indicative of their numbers is the fact that when St. Francis Church was completed and blessed on 25th October 1845, 23 babies were baptised A Census of Gipps Ward taken in March 1846 revealed 886 Roman Catholics, 691 Church of England, 343 Presbyterians 99 Wesleyans and 99 adherents to other denominations, making a total of 2,118.

Gold was discovered in Bendigo in 1851. In that one month, December 1852, 120 ships arrived in Port Phillip, bringing 12,000. Melbourne was a very expensive city in which to live. Rents were multiplied by five and ten; a four pound loaf of bread rose from 6d to 1s 4d for most of 1852, then to 2s late in the year, vegetables and dairy produce trebled in price.

Thanks to Brian Powell for allowing me to post extracts from Eric Clancy’s book “The Overflow of the Clancy” http://www.webcore.com.au/clancy/

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The Argus 28 March 1916

EARLY MELBOURNE.

Interesting memoirs of the boyhood days of Mr. J. W. Miller, one of the oldest mem bers of the Historical Society, depicting life in Melbourne between 1842 to 1851, were read by the secretary (Mr. A. W. Greig) at a meeting of the society in the Mel bourne Town Hall last night. The paper was compiled from notes prepared by Mr. Miller, who was born in Little Collins street, near the present site of Cole’s Book Arcade, in 1841. Melbourne was pictured as a sparsely populated common, with primi tive buildings and with tall gum trees and wild bush vegetation encircling the out skirts of the settlement. Mr. Miller told how the Government Domain was once used for small farms, and how the spot where Federal Government House now stands had been the rendezvous of the aborigines. He told of the swarms of dogs that infested the settlement, and how in one year the police were praised by “The Argus” for having s laughtered no lower than 1,200.

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The writings of an Englishman upon arriving in Melbourne 1852

Melbourne

Decr 26/52

My Dear Papa

We arrived here on Saturday , and by all accounts everything was very dear – for instance – bread 2/- the 4lb loaf, salt 4d per lb – meat 6d per lb, coffee 1/8 per lb, sugar 4d per lb, lump sugar 10d. Spirits etc very dear – beer 6d per glass or 2/- per pot etc and everything in comparison.

I did not intend going on shore till I went for good for they charged 5/- to land. I stayed on board all Sunday – packed up on Monday – and Tuesday morning at 8 o’clock went by the steamer to Melbourne which is about 10 miles from where we were anchored.

It cost me nearly £2. to land with my luggage and all, for labour is so expensive.

Entering the town, it seemed so queer and strange – my chum and I went and walked about, after we had got our luggage stored – we were quite bewildered.

We went to a lodging house and there were two beds – mind I say beds because a room is a thing impossible to get.

These beds were in a room where 12 slept – and I hear there are some houses where 20 sleep together in a room. We took these beds and paid 3/- each for them, and we then had dinner – 2/-.

After dinner I walked in the town and I saw put up in a printers, “Compositors wanted” so I walked in and was engaged at £4.18/- per week.

It is a jobing office and I like it very much – Well I was to go there next morning at 6 o’clock – after that I went and found Frank Wyman, who was very glad to see me – he is doing nothing, but he is not single in this – but of this I will write more of, when I have finished about myself.

After that I went to the tents – or “Canvas Town” as they call it. I should think there must be nearly nearly 1000 tents, and it looks for all the world like Eden in the “Martin Chuzelwitt” of Dickens.

There I saw Mountee and Charlotte, very miserable. They had arrived about 10 days before us – and were 120 days at sea.

They are both very miserable and wish they had never come – which is the cry of everyone that arrived. We had tea with them, and then went home and went to bed.

Since then I have been to work every day from 6 till 6 and have felt very tired when the day is over, and I generally turn in about 9 o’clock. On the morning after I arrived I went to a boarding house to live where they charged me £2.2/- per week for breakfast dinner and tea, and a bed with 12 in the same room.

Oh it is a wretched place destitute of every comfort is this Australia. Cherries 4/- per lb – Cabbages 1/ each Apples 4/ per lb and not worth eating. Washing 12/- per dozen if you send all shirts – but if you mix the things large with the small you can get them done for 8/- per doz.

On the first Monday and first week after I came on Shore I was so dreadfully bit by the Moschettos they bit me all over while I was asleep, you must not scratch the place when they itch for it makes them worse.

My face was so covered with these bites that I looked as if I had the small pox, and really thought I was going to be ill, but I stood up against it, and Charlotte and Mountee, hearing of a house to let at 30/ a week near my office I said I would take one room with them for the houses have only two rooms most of them.

Well – the second Monday after I arrived we were in this house, and thank God I am now free from moschettos, for it was only through so many living and sleeping in one room at the boarding house that I was so bit.

On Christmas day we had some baked pork and plum pudding which was very good. They charged 9d for baking it and if you take 1/- will not give you the change.

Coppers are rare things here nothing hardly is to be bought under 6d .

Change is never hardly given.

To give you an idea of the things here is today that 10/- here is only equal to 1/- in England this is a fact.

I bought a bottle of Port wine and Rum to drink at Christmas and they charged me 6/- for the bad wine and 4/6 for the Rum – one thing of this, I don’t care for I am no drinker.

I drank all your healths at home and thought of what you were all doing calculating the 9½ hours we have gained on you for when we are going to bed at ½ past 9 it is 12 at noon with you. I did not wish any of you here for it is a horrid country.

The summer season is now on , and they say they have no rain, in England.

There have been four or five showers – not such showers as we have in England, but rain that seems to pour – not “little babies in long clothes ” but ” Giants with pitchforks “.

The morning after I arrived I had to cross a street. The water was nearly up to my knees – this the old settlers call nothing.

They don’t call this rain – they say it lasts for 3 months right off.

The Sunday before last I took a walk with Mr Wyman to Pryham, a place about 5 miles off – and nearly knocked myself up, you cannot walk here in the middle of the day – nor at night for murder is nothing here and no one thinks of walking out without a pistol in his pocket, they are “stuck up”, as they call it and thrown into the Yarra river –

It is a wicked country and a devil’s life.

To advise anyone to come out I certainly should not for though I have got a tolerable situation – I am one in a thousand, besides persons who are no trade are useless out here – Clerks are no good here – all they do is work on the road at £3 a week, which with the high price of things is not too much, considering what hard work is.

If Alfred Newman was to come out he would not know what to do – I can assure him for no one but Carpenters and Brickmakers are wanted – not even printers, for they are plentiful now – and I can only say that I am very very lucky.

As for coming out for the ” beautiful country “, it is nothing on England – even in the worst parts. It is a horrid place and where I never hope to settle.

All I say is stay in England – don’t leave her she is not to be equalled.

What some have endured living in the tents I cannot tell you but it is dreadful.

There are many out of work out of employment here as there are in England – and it is only the good workmen – and they must be lucky – that succeeds.

As for letters of introduction they are not worth a dump – in fact I have not used mine.

Bigamy is a constant occurance here that no notice is taken of it.

If a man leaves his wife to go to the diggings she marries another man and when her husband comes back, if he goes to say anything about Justice, gets laughed at, and perhaps a bullet through the head for his trouble.

All I have written is not overdrawn in the least – I can assure you,

and after leaving beautiful England to come to such a different place, where comfort is not known.

Do not advise anyone to come. I do not say this from any selfish mood but for their good while they can exist in England, let them stay.

I was not born to be lucky in some things – I shall give myself ten years and then come home again and see old England again, that is to say if I don’t make my fortune before.

To make a fortune here is easy if you can get established well. Mr Lyon and Roy is here starving, but I don’t think they make much of their London madrigal and Glee Club.

The theatre and all connections with it is far from respectable.

I went to the tents the other day and coming home heard a lady playing on the piano and singing in one of them, “I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls” – poor thing.

I thought that all you can do here is to dream of those places here.

Many persons who work on the roads get sun stroke, and die.

The dysentry has carried off a great many – the water is very bad – in fact nothing is good – meat tough – the flies plentiful, and everything dear.

The gentlemen wear veils as well as the ladies here, to keep off dust and flies.

I have a wide-a-wake and green veil, to look like the rest.

Dogs are very numerous. You have to carry a stick to knock them off to prevent them biting you.

Every one is on an equality here and the only thing that I am not obliged to keep up any great appearances here.

I can wear what I like and no one looks at you. I shall become a rough and uncouth being – and not the civilised Henry Severn that was.

It is no good making friends here for they only cost money and I want to save so shall remain quite by myself going through the routine of the day like a clock.

I have not been able to get all my clothes out of the box but shall go next week.

I hope to send by next letter something to give you but must not promise till I know where I am and must keep a little store in case of illness which please God I may not have.

Good bye.

Give my love to all at home. I hope you are getting on well.

I am expecting letters from you.

Give my love to all – everyone.

Tell them I am doing well and believe my dear father I am your loving son.

Thomas H. Severn

Tell Moma and children they must not be offended because I have not sent my love separately.

A Letter to his Father from Thomas Henry Severn, a newly arrived passenger on the ship “PRINCE ALFRED”.

Written in Melbourne Australia on 26 December 1852.

Source: http://home.iprimus.com.au/foo7/rombook1vic.html

The Enmore Cork Ireland to Port Phillip Victoria Australia 1841

Enmore 1841 William and Mary Fannin
Passengers on the Enmore from Cork Ireland to Port Phillip Victoria Australia 1841

The ‘Enmore’ was a 281 ton barque that departed Cork, Ireland on 9 June 1841 with 107 people on board.

Cork Queenstowm Harbor
Queenstown Harbour Cork

It left from Cobh (pronounced “Cove”) County Cork. Cobh was renamed Queenstown to honour the Queen Victoria’s visit to Ireland in 1849. It was, however, changed back to Cobh after Irish Independence in 1920. This was the last time and place William and Catherine Fanning stood on Irish soil and the last time they saw their families. They died in Bulla, Victoria, Australia and did not return to Ireland.

The captain was James Henry Ellis and the ship’s doctor Robert Gordon Coombe. First Mate was James William Smith.

In Ireland, the Agent was expected to select only suitable people who came either as married or single, with ages under 40, and each had to have a Certificate from their home parish attesting their status.

All the passengers were brought out by the importer, James Cain, of Melbourne. The Importer was the one who collected the Bounty Immigrants for departure.  Fares(bounty) were 19 pounds. This is the equivalent of about $3,436 in today’s money. There was one death but no births on the voyage.

The introduction of the Bounty System enabled many people from Ireland, as well as from England and Scotland, to migrate to Australia. During the 1830’s and 1840’s almost half of all assisted migrants were of Irish origin. The emigration figures for 1841 show that of the people who arrived in Australia there were 4,563 English, 1,616 Scottish, and 13,400 Irish.

1841 has been called “The Great Year for Immigration to Australia”. This year saw the largest influx of immigrants to Australia before the Gold Rushes. The Irish immigrants mostly came from the South of Ireland. Convict transportation ceased in 1841,the new colonies needed labour and land sales were high.Revenue from land sales was used to pay the fares(bounties) of immigrants to the colonies. 1841 is the first year that Australia competed with America and Canada as a destination for immigrants. Between 1840-41 assisted immigration to Australia trebled.

There were 18 families, 35 single females and 25 single males. Of the 96 adults 15 could read and write, 32 could read and 49 could neither read or write.94 were Catholic and 9 were Protestant. One person, Mr Noukes Bartin, paid his own fare.

The “Enmore” arrived in Port Phillip on the 4th of October 1841 after a three month journey. On board were my ancestors William Patrick Fanning (listed as Fannin) and his wife Catherine Hayes (listed as Mary Fannin). They were married in Cork before emigrating. Both came from Co Tipperary, with William being born in Thurles Parish.

Tipperary passengers on the Enmore:

William Boyle, age 26, farm servant, RC. His wife is Winifred, age 25, farm servant, RC, both could neither read or write.

Thomas Burke, age 22, farm servant, RC, and his wife Biddy age 22, farm servant, both could read and write.

Patrick, 27, and Biddy, 32, Crow, farm servants, RC, Patrick can read but Biddy can neither read or write.

Michael, 32, and Catherine, 32, Dwyer, farm servants, RC, can both read and write.

Michael ,24, and Margaret, 24, Cleary, farm servants, RC, both can read and write.

Wiliam, 28, and Mary,24, Fannin, farm servants, RC, William can read, Mary can do neither. These are my ancestors who settled at Bulla in Victoria.

Michael Barret, 29, labourer, RC, could neither read or write.

William Hanly, 22, labourer, RC, neither read or write.

William O’Donnell, 22, labourer, RC, Could read and write, unmarried.

Michael Quilk, 22, labourer, RC , could neither read or write.

John Ryan, 28, labourer, RC, Could neither read or write, unmarried.

Patrick Reid, 22, labourer, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Alexander Ryan 26, labourer, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Patrick Ryan, 19, labourer, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

John Ryan, 23,labourer, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Ann Brohan 28, house servant, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Honora Canty, 26, house servant, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Mary Cormack, 26, house servant, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Catherine Carroll, 25, house servant, RC, neither read or write, unmarried.

Catherine Handley, 23, house servant, Protestant, unmarried.

Johanna Murphy, 27, house servant, RC, reads, unmarried.

Catherine Quirk, 21, house servant, RC, reads and writes, unmarried.

Mary Ryan, 19, house servant, RC, reads, unmarried.

Biddy Ryan, 19, house servant, RC, reads, unmarried.

Mary Ryan, 22, house servant, RC, reads, unmarried.

Mary Ryan, 21, house servant, RC, reads, unmarried.

The other passengers on the Enmore were:

Michael Burke 27, farm servant, his wife Margaret 28,farm servant, and their 8mth old daughter, Catherine.RC. can read and write. From Co Limerick

James Connor 28, farm servant and his wife, Eliza 22, farm servant, neither read nor write. From Co Cork

Christopher Dunn 28 and wife Ellen 20,farm servants. RC, neither read nor write Co Cork

Thomas Evans 24 and wife 22(not named), farm servants. Protestant. Can read and write. Co Wicklow

Denis Gurney 26 and Betty 25,farm servants, and their daughter Mary 2 and a half RC can read and write Co Cork

Mathew Leary 32 and his wife Johanna 33 farm servants. Their daughters Johanna 5 and Betty 8mos RC can neither read nor write Co Limerick

Thomas Norman 30, Smith and his wife Biddy 28,housekeeper and their son John 3 and a half RC neither read nor write Co Waterford

Martin O’Keeffe 21 labourer and wife Judith 20 housemaid RC can read & write Co Clare

Connor Ryan 32 farm servant, wife Biddy 26 farm servant daughters Johanna 6 and Catherine 1 and a half RC can read & write Co Clare

John Ryan 24 farm servant and his wife Biddy 26 also a farm servant RC both can read Co Clare

Michael Sheelan(Sheehan?) 24 farm servant and his wife Margaret 20 RC can read & write Co Clare

Thomas Welch 26 farm servant and his wife Ellen 25 farm servant,RC,neither read nor write Co Cork

John Cross 28 Labourer RC neither read nor write Co Limerick

Michael Costigan 24, labourer RC, neither read nor write Queen’s Co

Denis Costigan 27, Labourer RC neither read nor write Queen’s Co

James Denworth 24, labourer RC neither read nor write Co Clare

Timothy Denworth 23, labourer,RC neither read nor write Co Clare

Timothy Donoghie(?) 21 labourer RC can read & write Co Cork

John Dunn 20 labourer RC can read & write Co Cork

David Doolan 25 labourer RC can read & write Co Cork

William Hackett 25 Labourer RC neither read nor write Queen’s Co

Patrick Kirby 20 labourer RC reads and writes Co Cork

John Mansfield 20 labourer RC reads and writes Co Cork

John O’Brien 22 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

George Pratt 23 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Queen’s Co

Barny Ryley 23 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Co Cavan

John Sullivan 21 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

Morris Trahy 22 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Co Limerick

Edmund Welsh 26 labourer RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

Patrick Kirby was sent by Mr La Trobe on the 8th Dec 1841 for admission into the Lunatic Asylum

Catherine Bourke 21 House Servant RC neither read nor write Co Limerick

Margaret Bourke 23 House Servant RC neither read nor write Co Limerick

Grace Costigan 20 house servant RC neither read nor write Queen’s Co

Rose Clayton 24 house servant RC neither read nor write Co Cavan

Margaret Cantlin 25 House servant RC neither read nor write Co Limerick

Ann Doolan 19 house servant RC neither read nor write Co Cork

Mary Farrell 20 House servant,RC neither read nor write Queen’s Co

Catherine Fitzwilliam 23 House servant,Protestant reads Dublin

Ellen Hayes 22 house servant Protestant reads and writes Co Cork

Honora Hyde 18 house servant RC reads and writes Co Cork

Margaret Hussey 21 House servant Protestant reads and writes Co Cavan

Biddy Hyde 15 house servant RC reads and writes Co Cork

Betty Hyde 16 house servant RC reads and writes Co Cork

Mary Kennedy 20 house servant RC reads Co Clare

Mary Kirley 21 house servant RC reads and writes Co Cork

Ann Lynch 23 house servant RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

Ellen Maxwell 16 house servant RC reads Co Cork

Mary O’Brien 18 house servant RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

Jane O’Leary 19 house servant RC neither reads nor writes Co Cork

Aphros Pratt 20 house servant Protestant can read and write Queen’s Co

Margaret Pratt 16 house servant Protestant reads and writes Queen’s Co

Biddy Shean(Sheehan?) 21 house servant RC reads Co Clare

Jane Smith 18 house servant Protestant reads Co Clare

Margaret Yersley 20 House servant RC reads Co Cork

The Enmore left Melbourne, with Captain Ellis,on Feb 2 1842 for London, with 1150 bales of wool and 2150 bullock horns.